Brugmansia suaveolens (Willd.) Sweet

Night bells, White angel's trumpet



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild

IUCN RedList status: Extinct in the Wild



South America


Biology & Ecology










Bristol, M. 1966. Notes on the species of tree daturas. Botanical Museum Leaflets, Harvard University 21: 229-248.

CABI  (2020)  Brugmansia suaveolens  [original  text  by  N.  Pasiecznik].  Invasive  Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK, CAB International, (accessed 19 April 2021)

Dalrymple, S. E., Abeli, T., Ewen, J. G., Gilbert, T. C., Hogg, C. J., Lloyd, N. A., Moehrenschlager, A., Rodríguez, J. P. and Smith, D. (2023). Addressing Threats and Ecosystem Intactness to Enable Action for Extinct in the Wild Species. Diversity 15: 268.

Hay, A. (2014). Brugmansia suaveolens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T51247699A58913403. Accessed on 11 June 2022.

Hay, A., Gottschalk, M. & Holguín, A. 2012. Huanduj - Brugmansia. Florilegium, Sydney & Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Lockwood, T.E. 1973. A Taxonomic Revision of Brugmansia (Solanaceae). Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Harvard University.

Manita and Nepal, Tej Kumar. (2021). An Updated Checklist of Globally Threatened Species in Bhutan as Listed in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Journal of Science and Research 10(2): 1640-1646.

Navie  S  (2012) Weed  Watch.  Your  alert  to new  and  emerging  threats.  Angel’s trumpet (Brugmansia suaveolens). Vegetation Manager March  2012: 5-6.

Pundir, Swati et al. (In Press, 2022). A comprehensive review on angel's trumpet (Brugmansia suaveolens). South African Journal of Botany.

Ruiz, H. 1777-1788. Journals. [Later translated and published as: Schultes, R.E. & von Thenen de Jaramillo-Arango, M.J.N. (1998). The Journals of Hipólito Ruiz: Spanish Botanist in Perú and Chile 1777–1788. Timber Press, Portland.].

Schultes, R.E. & von Thenen de Jaramillo-Arango, M.J.N. [translated from the original Spanish journals of Hipólito Ruiz]. 1998. The Journals of Hipólito Ruiz: Spanish Botanist in Perú and Chile 1777–1788. Timber Press, Portland.

Smith, Donal et al. (2023). Extinct in the wild: The precarious state of Earth’s most threatened group of species. Science 379(6634): eadd2889.

Stinca, Adriano. (2020). Brugmansia suaveolens (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Sweet (Solanaceae): an alien species new to continental Europe. BioInvasions Records 9(4): 660-669. doi: 3391/bir.2020.9.4.01  


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