Rhampholeon chapmanorum Tilbury, 1992

Chapman's pygmy chameleon



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Rhampholeon chapmani Tilbury, 1992 [orth. error]


Conservation Status

Last record: 1998

Since rediscovered

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered



Natundu Hills range, near Nsanje, Malawi (southern)


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: Adult male (BMNH 1988.399)






Original scientific description:

Tilbury, C. R. (1992). A new dwarf forest chameleon (Sauria: Rhampholeon Günther 1874) from Malawi, central Africa. Tropical Zoology 1992(5): 1-9.


Other references:

Branch, W. R., Bayliss, J. and Tolley, K. A. (2014). Pygmy chameleons of the Rhampholeon platyceps complex (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae): Description of four new species from isolated ‘sky islands’ of northern Mozambique. Zootaxa 3817(1): 1-36.

Klaver, C.J.J. & Böhme, W. (1997) Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien—Chamaeleonidae. Das Tierreich, 112, i–xiv, 1-85.

Matthee, C.A., Tilbury, C.R. & Townsend, T. (2004) A phylogenetic review of the African pygmy chameleons: genus Rhampholeon (Chamaeleonidae): the role of vicariance and climate change in speciation. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 271: 1967-1976.

Nečas, P. and Schmidt, W. (2004) Stump-tailed Chameleons. Miniature dragons of the rainforest. The genera Brookesia and
Rhampholeon. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.

Tilbury, C.R. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt.

Tilbury, C.R., Tolley, K.A. and Branch, W.R. 2006. A review of the systematics of the genus Bradypodion (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae), with the description of two new genera. Zootaxa 1363: 23-38.

Tolley, K., Menegon, M. and Plumptre, A. (2014). Rhampholeon chapmanorum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. ( Downloaded on 20 February 2015.

Tolley, K. A. (2021). Rhampholeon chapmanorum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T172568A197246585. Accessed on 17 December 2022.

Krystal A. Tolley, Colin R. Tilbury, Jessica M. da Silva, Gary Brown, Yankho Chapeta and Christopher V. Anderson. (2021). Clinging to survival: Critically Endangered Chapman's pygmy chameleon Rhampholeon chapmanorum persists in shrinking forest patches. Oryx.

Tolley, K.A., Townsend, T.M. & Vences, M. (2013). Large-scale phylogeny of chameleons suggests African origins and Eocene diversification. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 280 (1759), 20130184.


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