Pholidoscelis major (Duméril & Bibron, 1839:117)

Martinique giant ameiva, Martinique ameiva



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Ameiva major Duméril & Bibron, 1839:117


Conservation Status


Last record: before 1825 (Dewynter & Powell, 2016)

IUCN RedList status: Data Deficient



Martinique (Îles de la Petite Terre, near Guadeloupe?)


Listed as being endemic to Martinique by the IUCN Red List, Breuil (2002) stated that it most probably was endemic to Îles de la Petite Terre, which is nearer to Guadeloupe than Martinique.


Biology & Ecology




Lectotype: MNHN 1491






Original scientific description:

Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. (1839). Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp.


Other references:

Baskin, J. N. and Williams, E. E. (1966). The Lesser Antillean Ameiva (Sauria,Teiidae). Re-evaluation, zoogeography, and the effects of predation. Studies Fauna Curacao Carib. Isl. 23: 144-176. [designated the lectotype]

Corentin Bochaton, Renaud Boistel, Sandrine Grouard, Ivan Ineich, Anne Tresset & Salvador Bailon. (2017). Evolution, diversity and interactions with past human populations of recently extinct Pholidoscelis lizards (Squamata: Teiidae) from the Guadeloupe Islands (FrenchWest-Indies). Historical Biology. DOI: 10.1080/08912963.2017.1343824.

Boulenger, G. A. (1885). Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. [lists Ameiva major as a synonym of A. punctata on p. 359]

Breuil, M. (2002). Histoire naturelle des amphibiens et reptiles terrestres de l’archipel Guadeloupéen. Guadeloupe, Saint-Martin, Saint-Barthélemy. Patrimoines Naturels, Paris 54: 1-339.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Dewynter, M. & Powell, R. 2016. Ameiva major. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T1120A71739402. Downloaded on 17 December 2016.

Goicoechea, N., Frost, D. R., De la Riva, I., Pellegrino, K. C. M., Sites, J., Rodrigues, M. T. and Padial, J. M. (2016). Molecular systematics of teioid lizards (Teioidea/Gymnophthalmoidea: Squamata) based on the analysis of 48 loci under tree-alignment and similarity-alignment. Cladistics, doi: 10.1111/cla.12150.

Harvey, M.B., Ugueto, G.N. and Gutberlet Jr., R.L. 2012. Review of Teiid morphology with a revised taxonomy and phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1-156.

Powell, Robert and Henderson, Robert W. (2012). Island lists of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 51(2): 85-166. [considers this taxon possibly extinct]

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.

Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R. W. (1991). Amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies: Descriptions, distributions, and natural history. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press.

Tucker, Derek B.; Guarino R. Colli, Lilian G. Giugliano, S. Blair Hedges, Catriona R. Hendry, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Alan R. Lemmon, Jack W. Sites Jr., R. Alexander Pyron (2016). Methodological congruence in phylogenomic analyses with morphological support for teiid lizards (Sauria: Teiidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 103: 75-84.

Uetz, P. et al., The Reptile Database, , accessed December 11, 2010.


<< Back to the Sauria (Lizards) database