Phoboscincus bocourti Brocchi, 1876:95
Terror skink, Bocourt's giant skink, Bocourt's terrific skink, Bocourt's eyelid skink
Taxonomy & Nomenclature
Synonym/s: Eumeces bocourti Brocchi, 1876:95
Last record: c.1872
Rediscovered in December 2003
IUCN RedList status: Endangered
"An extraordinary example of a rediscovered species is Bocourt's Terrific Skink Phoboscincus bocourti (Brocchi, 1876). It was only known from its holotype (supplementary Fig. S1), captured around 1870 in New Caledonia with no further precise locality data, but most likely captured on the largest island called Grande Terre. In 2000, a juvenile was found dead, but not collected, on the beach on an islet off Île des Pins. It was likely prey dropped by a raptor. The first live and immediately correctly identified specimen was found in 2003 by one of us (II) and released. Subsequently one individual was captured and released in 2005, (II), seven other specimens (three captured and released and four more were photographed) in 2012 (by, MH and II), and another individual, illegally collected, in 2018."
(Jowers et al., 2022)
satellite islet off Île des Pins (=Isle of Pines), New Caledonia
"P. bocourti is restricted to one satellite islet of the Isle of Pins (less than 1 km2 area). Although this species is most likely present in several other surrounding islets, it is one of the most geographically restricted endemic skink species in the world."
(Jowers et al., 2022)
Biology & Ecology
Original scientific description:
Brocchi, M. (1876). Sur un Scincoiden noureau appartenant au genre Eumeces. Bulletin Societe Philomathique de Paris (6) 12: 95-97.
Caut, S., Holden, M., Jowers, M. J., Boistel, R. and Ineich, Ivan. (2013). Is Bocourt’s Terrific Skink Really So Terrific? Trophic Myth and Reality. PLoS ONE 8(10): e78638.
Ineich, Ivan. (2006). Bocourt's terrific skink of New Caledonia is not extinct! Oryx 40(2): 136.
Ineich, Ivan. (2009). Bocourt’s terrific skink, Phoboscincus bocourti Brocchi, 1876 (Squamata, Scincidae, Lygosominae). Zoologia Neocaledonica 7, Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle 198: 149-174.
Ineich I, Sadlier RA, Bauer AM (In Press, 2013) The Validity of the New Caledonian Skink Genus Phoboscincus and the Affinities of Phoboscincus bocourti (Brocchi, 1876). Zoologia Neocaledonica. Biodiversity studies in New Caledonia, Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle.
Jowers, Michael J. et al. (2022). The Terrific Skink bite force suggests insularity as a likely driver to exceptional resource use. Scientific Reports 12: 4596. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-08148-6
Sadlier, Ross A. (1987). A review of the scincid lizards of New Caledonia. Records of the Australian Museum 39(1): 1-66.
Sadlier, R.A., Whitaker, A.H. and Bauer, A.M. (2010). Phoboscincus bocourti. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. (http://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 13 December 2013.