Phelsuma gigas Liénard, 1842

Rodrigues giant day gecko, Rodriguez night gecko, Liénard's giant gecko



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Gecko newtoni Günther, 1877; Gekko newtoni Günther 1877


Conservation Status


Last record: 1841 (Cole, 2021)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Only known from the recent holotype and some subfossil material.



Frégate Island, Mascarene Islands


Biology & Ecology




Holotype:[/b] BMNH 1965.96






Original scientific description:

Liénard, F. (1842). Descriptions de reptiles, de poissons et de crustacés. Rapport de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de Maurice, (13):55-57.


Other references:

Austin, J.J.; E. N. Arnold and C. G. Jones. (2004). Reconstructing an island radiation using ancient and recent DNA: the extinct and living day geckos (Phelsuma) of the Mascarene islands. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31(1): 109-122.

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Bour, R., Frétey, T. and Cheke, A.S. 2014. Philibert Marragon (1749–1826) and the Mémoire sur l’Isle de Rodrigue (1795). Bibliotheca Herpetologica 10(2): 5-32.

Cheke, A. S. and Hume, J. P. (2008). Lost Land of the Dodo: an Ecological History of Mauritius, Réunion & Rodrigues. New Haven and London: T. & A. D. Poyser.

Cole, N. (2021). Phelsuma gigas. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T16925A166929864. Accessed on 19 June 2022.

Cole, N., Goder, M., Vencatasamy, D., Mootoocurpen, R., Havery, S., Gamble, F. and Nundlaul, V. 2013. Restoration of Island Ecosystems in Mauritius: The Mauritius Reptile Recovery Programme Annual Report 2013. Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust, Jersey, Channel Islands.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Groombridge, B. 1992. Global Biodiversity: Status of the Earth’s Living Resources. Report compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Chapman and Hall, London.
Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Günther, A. (1877). Notice of two extinct lizards, formerly inhabiting the Mascarene Islands. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 13(69): 322-327. [Abstract]

Günther, C. A. L. G. (1879). The extinct reptiles of Rodriguez. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B (Biol. Sci.) 168 (extra volume): 452-456.

Hallmann, G.; Krüger, J. & Trautmann, G. 2008. Faszinierende Taggeckos. Die Gattung Phelsuma. 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 253 pp.

Jean-Baptiste, M. 2013. Reptile survey on Rodrigues and its islets. Solitaire 24: 18-20.

Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Profiles of Extinction #10. Rodrigues Giant Day Gecko. Reptilia (GB) (36): 3.

Liénard. (1842). Rapport de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Maurice (13): 55-57. [relevant reference?]

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.

Rocha, Sara et al. (2010). Phylogenetic systematics of day geckos, genus Phelsuma, based on molecular and morphological data (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2429: 1-28. [Abstract]

Rösler, Herbert. (2001). Zur Rumpfbeschuppung der Gattung Phelsuma GRAY 1825: zoogeographische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonedae). Gekkota 3: 47-73.

Tirvengadum, D. D. and Bour, R. (1985). Checklist of the herpetofauna of the Mascarene Islands. Atoll. Res. Bull. 292: 49-60.

Vinson, J. and Vinson, J.M. 1969. The saurian fauna of the Mascarene Islands. The Mauritius Institute Bulletin, VI: 203-320.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996a). Phelsuma gigas. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 21 July 2013.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1996b. Phelsuma gigas. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: e.T16925A6598516. Downloaded on 23 June 2021.


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