Leiocephalus herminieri Duméril & Bibron, 1837

Martinique curly-tailed lizard, Martinique lizard



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Holotropis herminieri Duméril & Bibron, 1837


Conservation Status


Last record: 1830's (Powell, 2016)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Martinique, Martinique Bank, Lesser Antilles


Biology & Ecology





MNHN 1826
MNHN 2389
MNHN 6829

Other specimens:

BMNH (syntype?)






Original scientific description:

Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp.


Other references:

Barbour, T. (1914). A contribution to the zoogeography of the West Indies, with especial reference to amphibians and reptiles. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard Univ. 44(2): 209-359.

Breuil, M. 2002. Histoire naturelle des Amphibiens et Reptiles terrestres de l'archipel Guadeloupéen. Guadeloupe, Saint-Martin, Saint-Barthélemy. Patrimoines Naturels 54: 1-339.

Breuil, M. 2009. The terrestrial herpetofauna of Martinique: Past, present, future. Applied Herpetology 6(2): 123-149.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S.

Groombridge, B. 1992. Global Biodiversity: Status of the Earth’s Living Resources. Report compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Chapman and Hall, London.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 2009. Natural History of West Indian Reptiles and Amphibians. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Joseph-Ouni, M. 2006. Profiles of extinction #22: Martinique Island Curly-Tailed Lizard, Leiocephalus herminieri. Reptilia (GB) (48): 86.

Kwet, Axel 2013. Vermisst - Herminiers Glattkopfleguan (Leiocephalus herminieri). Terraria Elaphe 2013 (5): 84.

Parker, H.W. 1935. The frogs, lizards, and snakes of British Guiana. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: 505-530.

Powell, R. (2016). Leiocephalus herminieri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T11389A71739645. Downloaded on 17 December 2016.

Powell, Robert and Henderson, Robert W. (2012). Island lists of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 51(2): 85-166. [considers this taxon possibly extinct]

Pregill, Gregory K. (1992). Systematics of the West Indian Lizard Genus Leiocephalus (Squamata: Iguania: Tropiduridae). The University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Miscellaneous Publications, No. 84: 1-69.

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.

Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R. W. (1991). Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. Gainesville, Florida: University of Florida Press. 720 pp.


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