Leiocephalus eremitus Cope, 1868

Navassa curly-tailed lizard



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Liocephalus eremitus Cope, 1868 [orth. error]


Conservation Status


Last record: before 1868 (1900?)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


This species is only known from the holotype, which can be seen here. However, (World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 1996) states that the last record of this species was in 1900. Since only the holotype is known, this must represent a sighting rather than a collection.



Navassa Island, Hispaniola


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: USNM 12016 (adult female; 64mm SVL)






Original scientific description:

Cope, Edward Drinker. (1868). An examination of the Reptilia and Batrachia obtained by the Orton Expedition to Equador and the Upper Amazon, with notes on other species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 20: 96-140.


Other references:

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Groombridge, B. 1992. Global Biodiversity: Status of the Earth’s Living Resources. Report compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Chapman and Hall, London.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 2009. Natural History of West Indian Reptiles and Amphibians. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Inchaustegui, S., Landestoy, M. & Powell, R. (2016). Leiocephalus eremitus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T11388A71739619. Downloaded on 17 December 2016.

Medina, F.M., Bonnaud, E., Vidal, E., Tershy, B.R., Zavaleta, E.S., Josh Donlan, C., Keitt, B.S., Le Corre, M., Horwarth, S.V. and Nogales, M. 2011. A global review of the impacts of invasive cats on island endangered vertebrates. Global Change Biology 17(11): 3503-3510.

Powell, Robert. (1999). Herpetology of Navassa Island, West Indies. Caribbean Journal of Science 35: 1-13.

Powell, Robert and Henderson, Robert W. (2012). Island lists of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 51(2): 85-166. [considers this taxon possibly extinct]

Pregill, Gregory K. (1992). Systematics of the West Indian Lizard Genus Leiocephalus (Squamata: Iguania: Tropiduridae). The University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Miscellaneous Publications, No. 84: 1-69.

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.


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