Cyclura collei Gray, 1845

Jamaican iguana, Jamaican ground iguana, Jamaican rock iguana



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1940's

Rediscovered in 1990

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered





Biology & Ecology










Alberts, A. (compiler and editor). (2000). West Indian Iguanas: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC West Indian Iguana Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Andrus, Adam. (November 08, 2013). Critically Endangered Jamaican iguana imperiled by port development. Available online:

Bochaton, Corentin. (2022). Archaeological occurrences of terrestrial herpetofauna in the insular Caribbean: cultural and biological significance. R. Soc. Open Sci. 9: 220256.

Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG). (1993). Population and habitat viability analysis for the Jamaican Iguana, Kingston, Jamaica. IUCN/SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist Group, Apple Valley, Minnesota.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Grant, T. D. (2010). Jamaican Iguana (Cyclura collei) Population Analysis and Breeding Plan for the AZA Rock Iguana Species Survival Plan. San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research, San Diego, California.

Grant, T. D. and Hudson, R. D. (2014). West Indian iguana Cyclura spp reintroduction and recovery programmes: zoo support and involvement. International Zoo Yearbook. doi: 10.1111/izy.12078 [Abstract]

Gibson, R., Grant, T. and Wilson, B. S. (2010). Cyclura collei. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 16 September 2012.

Kirtana Kumar, Stesha A. Pasachnik, David Reid, Aaron M. T. Harmer. (2021). Spatial Ecology of Invasive Predatory Species Informs Predator Control Program for the Jamaican Rock Iguana (Cyclura collei). Caribbean J. of Science 51(2): 242-263.

Lewis, Delano S., van Veen, Rick and Wilson, Byron S. (2011). Conservation implications of small Indian mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus) predation in a hotspot within a hotspot: the Hellshire Hills, Jamaica. Biological invasions 13(1): 25-33.

Lowe, Ethon. (2020). Saving the Jamaican iguana. Jamaica Observer, 28 February.

Mittermeier, Russell A. (1972). Jamaica’s Endangered Species. Oryx 11(4): 258-262.

Raspberry, Armed. (2015). Can Headstart programs truly be effective? Genetic assessment of Cyclura collei, the Headstarted Jamaican iguana. M.S. Mississippi State University, thesis. 42 pp. [Abstract]

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.

Reynolds, R. Graham et al. (2022). Phylogenomics and historical biogeography of West Indian Rock Iguanas (genus Cyclura). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 174: 107548.

Searcy, R. A., Villers, L. M., Reams, R. D., Wyatt, J. E., & Pilarski, J. (2009). Captive reproduction of the Jamaican iguana (Cyclura collei). Zoo biology 28(4): 343-349.

Sloane, H. (1725). A Voyage to the Islands of Madeira, Barbados, Nieves, St. Christophers, and Jamaica With Natural History of the Herbs and Trees, Four-footed Beasts, Insects, Reptiles, Etc. of the Last of Those Islands. Vol II. London.

Vogel, Peter. (1994). Evidence of reproduction in a remnant population of the endangered Jamaican iguana, Cyclura collei (Lacertilia: Iguanidae). Caribbean Journal of Science 30: 234-241.

Vogel, Peter, Wilson, Byron, Robinson, Orlando and Hudson, Rick. (2002). Taxon reports: Cyclura collei. Iguana Specialist Group (ISG) Newsletter 5(1): 3-4.

Whyte, Damion L., Garraway, Eric and Thomas, Adrian. (2022). Description of the nesting sites of the critically endangered Jamaican iguana Cyclura collei. Herpetological Bulletin 160: 7-12.

Wilson, B.S., Alberts, A.C., Graham, K.S., Hudson, R.D., Kerr Bjorkland, R., Lewis, D.S., Lung, N.P., Nelson, R., Thompson, N., Kunna, J.L. and Vogel, P. (2004). Survival and reproduction of repatriated Jamaican iguanas: headstarting as a viable conservation strategy. In: A.C. Alberts, R.L. Carter, W.K. Hayes and E.P. Martins (eds), Iguanas: Biology and Conservation, pp. 220-231. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Wilson, B.S. and van Veen, R. (2005). Jamaican iguana recovery project, 2005 update. Iguana Specialist Group Newsletter 8(2): 4-6.

Wilson, B.S. and van Veen, R. (2006). Jamaican Iguana Recovery Project. Iguana 13(2): 119-120.

Wilson, B.S. and van Veen, R. (2008). Update: Jamaican iguana recovery project. Iguana Specialist Group Newsletter 11(1): 5.

Wilson, B.S. and Vogel, P. (2000). A survey of the herpetofauna of the Hellshire Hills, Jamaica, including the rediscovery of the blue-tailed galliwasp (Celestus duquesneyi Grant). Caribbean Journal of Science 36(3-4): 244-249.

Woodley, J.D. (1980). Survival of the Jamaican iguana, Cyclura collei. Journal of Herpetology. 14: 45-49.


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