Celestus anelpistus Schwartz, Graham & Duval, 1979:3

Giant Hispaniolan galliwasp, San Cristobal galliwasp, Altagracia giant forest lizard



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Celestus warreni anelpistus Schwartz, Graham & Duval, 1979:3; Diploglossus anelpistus Schwartz, Graham & Duval, 1979:3


Conservation Status


Last record: 1977

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)


There is a possible record of this species from 2004 or earlier (McGinnity & Powell, 2004).



Dominican Republic (south-central), Hispaniola


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: USNM 197336






Original scientific description:

Schwartz, A., Graham, E. D. and Duval J. J. (1979). A new species of Diploglossus (Sauria: Anguidae) from Hispaniola. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 92: 1-9.


Other references:

Hallermann, J. and Böhme, W. (2002). On giant anguids from the West Indies with special reference to Celestus warreni (Schwartz, 1970) and its relatives from Hispaniola (Reptilia: Squamata: Anguidae). Mitt. Hamb. Zool. Mus. Inst. 99: 169-178.

Henderson R. W. (1988). Diploglossus anelpistus Schwartz, Graham and Duval. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles No.424.

Landestoy, M., Inchaustegui, S. & Hedges, B. 2016. Celestus anelpistus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T39258A71739779. Downloaded on 17 December 2016.

McGinnity, D. (Nashville Zoo, Tennessee, USA) & Powell, R. (Avila University, Kansas, USA). 2004. Celestus anelpistus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T39258A10180795. Downloaded on 14 December 2015.

Powell, Robert and Henderson, Robert W. (2012). Island lists of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 51(2): 85-166. [considers this taxon possibly extinct]

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.

Schools, Molly and Hedges, S. Blair. (2021). Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the Neotropical forest lizards (Squamata, Diploglossidae). Zootaxa 4974(2): 201-257.


<< Back to the Sauria (Lizards) database