Megalomys audreyae Hopwood, 1926:329

Barbuda giant rice rat, Barbuda musk(-)rat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Oryzomys audreyae Hopwood, 1926; Megalomys majori Trouessart, 1904 (nomen nudum); Oryzomys majori Trouessart, 1904 (nomen nudum)


Conservation Status


Last record: Quaternary



Barbuda, West Indies


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Hopwood, A. T. (1926). A fossil rice-rat from the Pleistocene of Barbuda. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (9)17: 328-330.


Other references:

Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Brace, Selina et al. (2015). Unexpected evolutionary diversity in a recently extinct Caribbean mammal radiation. Proc Biol Sci. B 282(1807): 20142371.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

MacPhee, R. D. E. and Flemming, C. (1999). Requiem Æternam: The last five hundred years of mammalian species extinctions. Pp. 333-371 in MacPhee, R.D.E. (ed.). Extinctions in Near Time: Causes, Contexts, and Consequences. New York: Plenum Press, 384 pp.

Turvey, S. T. (2009). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford University Press US, 359 pp.

Turvey, S.T., Weksler, M., Morris, E.L. & Nokkert, M. 2010 Taxonomy, phylogeny and diversity of the extinct Lesser Antillean rice rats (Sigmodontinae: Oryzomyini), with description of a new genus and species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 160: 748-772.


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