Canariomys tamarani Lopez-Martinez & Lopez-Jurado, 1987

Gran Canaria giant rat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene



Gran Canaria, Canary Islands


Biology & Ecology




"The original type series is in the Museo Canario, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain"

(Hutterer & Peters, 2010:16)

"ZFMK 2009.634, cast of holotype I-11, skull without mandibles, rostrum and braincase damaged; ZFMK 2009.635-638, casts of paratypes I-267, I-47, I-516, I-592, skull, upper toothrows, and 2 left mandibles"

(Hutterer & Peters, 2010:16)






Original scientific description:

López-Martínez, N. and López-Jurado, L. F. (1987). Un nuevo murido gigante del Cuaternario de Gran Canaria Canariomys tamarani nov. sp. (Rodentia, Mammalia). Doñana, Publicaciòn ocasionel 2: 1-60.


Other references:

Firmat, T. C., Rodrigues, H. G., Renaud, S., Claude, J., Hutterer, R., Garcia-Talavera, F. and Michaux, J. (2010). Mandible morphology, dental microwear, and diet of the extinct giant rats Canariomys (Rodentia: Murinae) of the Canary Islands (Spain). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 101(1): 28-40. [Abstract]

Hutterer, Rainer and Peters, Gustav. (2010). Type specimens of mammals (Mammalia) in the collections of the Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Bonn. Bonn zoological Bulletin 59: 3-27.

Moncunill-Solé, Blanca, Jordana, Xavier, Marín-Moratalla, Nekane, Moyà-Solà, Salvador and Köhler, Meike. (In Press, 2013). How large are the extinct giant insular rodents? New body mass estimations from teeth and bones. Intergrative Zoology. [Abstract]

Renom, Pere et al. (2021). Genetic data from the extinct giant rat from Tenerife (Canary Islands) points to a recent divergence from mainland relatives. Biol. Lett. 17: 20210533.

Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. 2005 Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.


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