Boromys torrei Allen, 1917:6

Torre’s cave rat, Small Cuban spiny rat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene (Turvey & Helgen, 2008); 1500 (Fisher & Blomberg, 2012); 1850 (Lee et al., 2017)

IUCN status: Extinct


Boromys torrei is only known from subfossil remains, some of which have been found in the same layer as Rattus sp., implying that it survived until European colonisation (Turvey & Helgen, 2008).









Holotype: MCZ VP9601 (palate)

Type locality: Cuba: Matanzas Province, cave in Sierra de Hato Nuevo.






Original scientific description:

Allen, Glover Morrill. (1917). New fossil mammals of Cuba. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 61: 3-12.


Other references:

Allen, Glover Morrill. (1918). Fossil mammals from Cuba. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 62: 133-148.

Anthony, H. E. (1919). Mammals collected in eastern Cuba in 1917. With descriptions of two new species. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History 41: 625-643.

Aranda, E., Viñola-López, L. W., & Álvarez-Lajonchere, L. (2020). New insights on the quaternary fossil record of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 102: 102656.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Díaz-Franco, S. (2002). La variación del diseño oclusal inferior en Boromys torrei (Rodentia: Echimyidae). Revista Biología 16(1): 60-65.

Fisher, Diana O. and Blomberg, Simon P. (2012). Inferring Extinction of Mammals from Sighting Records, Threats, and Biological Traits. Conservation Biology 26(1): 57-67.

Lee, T. E., Fisher, D. O., Blomberg, S. P. and Wintle, B. A. (2017). Extinct or still out there? Disentangling influences on extinction and rediscovery helps to clarify the fate of species on the edge. Global Change Biology 23(2): 621-634.

Turvey, S.T. 2009. Holocene mammal extinctions. In: Turvey, S.T. (ed.), Holocene Extinctions, pp. 352. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

Turvey, S. & Helgen, K. (2008). Boromys torrei. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. ( Downloaded on 09 July 2011.

Turvey, S. & Helgen, K. 2016. Boromys torrei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T2886A22206099. Accessed on 02 July 2022.


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