Boromys offella Miller, 1916:8

Oriente cave rat, Greater Cuban spiny rat, Larger Cuban spiny rat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene (>1500 AD?)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Boromys offella is only known from subfossil remains, some of which occur in the same layer as Rattus sp., implying that it survived until European colonisation (Turvey & Helgen, 2008).



Cuba (including Isla de la Juventud)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Miller, Gerrit Smith. (1916). Bones of mammals from Indian sites in Cuba and Santo Domingo: (with one plate). Smithson. Misc. Coll., 66(12): 8.


Other references:

Allen, Glover Morrill. (1918). Fossil mammals from Cuba. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 62: 133-148.

Anthony, H. E. (1919). Mammals collected in eastern Cuba in 1917. With descriptions of two new species. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History 41: 625-643.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Lee, T. E., Fisher, D. O., Blomberg, S. P. and Wintle, B. A. (2017). Extinct or still out there? Disentangling influences on extinction and rediscovery helps to clarify the fate of species on the edge. Global Change Biology 23(2): 621-634.

Turvey, S.T. 2009. Holocene mammal extinctions. In: Turvey, S.T. (ed.), Holocene Extinctions, pp. 352. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

Turvey, S. and Helgen, K. (2008). Boromys offella. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 23 December 2012.

Turvey, S. & Helgen, K. 2016. Boromys offella. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T2885A22206052. Accessed on 18 June 2022.


<< Back to the Rodents database