Xaymaca fulvopulvis MacPhee & Flemming, 2003



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: c. 8,090-9,420 BC





Biology & Ecology




Holotype: AMNHM 268011 (left hemimandible)

Type locality: "Brown Dust Passage of Drum Cave, near Entrance #3 (fig. 1). Drum Cave, part of the ‘‘upper’’ sequence of the ~10 km Jackson’s Bay cave system, is located on the south slope of Portland Ridge near Jackson’s Bay, in the southernmost part of Clarendon Parish, Jamaica. Entrance #3 is located at approximately 17o44'05"N, 77o13'15"W."






Original scientific description:

MacPhee, R. D. E. and Flemming, Clare. (2003). A Possible Heptaxodontine and Other Caviidan Rodents from the Quaternary of Jamaica. American Museum Novitates, No. 3422: 1-42, 20 figs., 1 tbl.;2


Other references:

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Cooke, Siobhán B., Dávalos, Liliana M., Mychajliw, Alexis M. Turvey, Samuel T. and Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Anthropogenic Extinction Dominates Holocene Declines of West Indian Mammals. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 48: 301-327.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]


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