Uromys emmae Groves & Flannery, 1994:159

Emma’s giant(-)rat, Emma's uromys



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1946 (Fisher & Blomberg, 2012; Lee et al., 2017); 1994 or before

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



Owi Island (=Pulau Awai), Schouten Group, Papua Province (=Irian Jaya), Indonesia


Biology & Ecology




Only known from the holotype (Leary et al. 2008).

AM M.7200 (Roycroft et al., 2022)






Original scientific description:

Groves, Colin P. and Flannery, Timothy F. (1994). A revision of the genus Uromys Peters, 1867 (Muridae: Mammalia) with descriptions of two new species. Records of the Australian Museum 46(2): 145-170.


Other references:

Fisher, Diana O. and Blomberg, Simon P. (2012). Inferring Extinction of Mammals from Sighting Records, Threats, and Biological Traits. Conservation Biology 26(1): 57-67.

Flannery, Timothy F. (1995). Mammals of the South-West Pacific and Moluccan Islands. Comstock/Cornell, Ithaca, Ny, USA. [p. 172]

Leary, T., Seri, L., Flannery, T., Wright, D., Hamilton, S., Helgen, K., Singadan, R., Allison, A., James, R., Bonaccorso, F. and Lunde, D. (2008). Uromys emmae. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 30 July 2013.

Lee, T. E., Fisher, D. O., Blomberg, S. P. and Wintle, B. A. (2017). Extinct or still out there? Disentangling influences on extinction and rediscovery helps to clarify the fate of species on the edge. Global Change Biology 23(2): 621-634.

Parnaby, Harry, Ingleby, Sandy and Divljan, Anja. (2017). Type specimens of non-fossil mammals in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 69(5): 277-420.

Roycroft, Emily et al. (2022). New Guinea uplift opens ecological opportunity across a continent. Current Biology.


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