Rattus/Komodomys sp. nov. 'Timor'



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Rattus sp. nov. B (Turvey, 2009:55); 'Large Komodomys' (Louys et al., 2023)


A potentially distinct, undescribed species of either Rattus (e.g. Turvey, 2009:55) or Komodomys (e.g. Louys et al., 2023) that is larger-bodied than Rattus/"Komodomys" timorensis (Louys et al., 2023).


Conservation Status

Extinct if distinct (Louys et al., 2023)

Last record: ca. 1175 cal BP (Louys et al., 2023)





Biology & Ecology










Glover, I. (1969). Radiocarbon dates from Portuguese Timor. Arch. and Phys. Anthro. in Oceania, vol. 4, pp. 107-112.

Glover, I. (1970). Excavations in Timor: a study of economic change and cultural continuity in prehistory. 2 vols. Ph.D. thesis, Australian Natl. Univ. Canberra (unpublished).

Louys, Julien, Sue O’Connor, Shimona Kealy, Stuart Hawkins, and Kenneth P. Aplin. (2023). Late Quaternary mammal introduction and extinction records from archaeological cave deposits in Timor-Leste. In Contributions to Mammalogy and Zooarchaeology of Wallacea, ed. K. M. Helgen and R. K. Jones. Records of the Australian Museum 75(5): 765-786.

Musser, Guy Graham. (1981). The giant rat of Flores and its relatives east of Borneo and Bali. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 169: 71-175.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]


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