Rattus enganus Miller, 1906:821

Enggano (Island) rat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 4 December 1904; 1906 (Martin et al., 2023)

IUCN RedList status: Data Deficient



Enggano island, southwestern Sumatra, Indonesia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Miller, Gerrit S. (1906). Mammals of Engano Island, West Sumatra. Proceedings U.S. National Museum 30(1472): 819-825.


Other references:

Aplin, K. & Lunde, D. (2008). Rattus enganus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 16 September 2012.

Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E. (2013). Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica 145: 1-130. [0.305 kg min. mass estimate]

Martin, Thomas E., Bennett, Gareth C., Fairbairn, Andrew J. and Mooers, A. Ø. (2023). ‘Lost’ taxa and their conservation implications. Animal Conservation 26(1): 14-24. [Appendix S2 (1617 taxa not seen >10 years); Appendix S3 (562 taxa not seen >50 years)]

Musser, G. G., and C. Newcomb. 1983. Malaysian murids and the giant rat of Sumatra. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 174:327-598. [relevant citation?]

Poole, A. J. and Schantz, V. S. (1942). Catalog of the type specimens of mammals in the United States National Museum, including the biological surveys collection. Bulletin 178. Smithsonian Institution, United States National Museum. Government Printing Office, Washington, United States of America.

Silva, M. B. and Downing, J. A. (1995). CRC handbook of mammalian body masses. CRC Press: 1-359.


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