Peromyscus pembertoni Burt, 1932:176

Pemberton’s deer mouse, San Pedro Nolasco deer mouse, Nolasco deer mouse



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 26 December 1931 (Flannery & Schouten, 2001)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



San Pedro Nolasco Island, Gulf of California, Sonora, Mexico


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Burt, William Henry. (1932). Description of heretofore unknown mammals from islands in the Gulf of California, México. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 7: 161-182.


Other references:

Álvarez-Castañeda, S.T., Castro-Arellano, I., Lacher, T., Vázquez, E. and Arroyo-Cabrales, J. (2008). Peromyscus pembertoni. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 30 July 2013.

Álvarez-Castañeda, S.T., Castro-Arellano, I., Lacher, T., Vázquez, E. & Arroyo-Cabrales, J. 2017. Peromyscus pembertoni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T16645A22361389. Accessed on 18 June 2022.

Alvarez-Castañeda, S. T. and Cortes-Calva, P. (2003). Peromyscus pembertoni. Mammalian Species 734: 1-2.

Álvarez-Castañeda, Sergio Ticul and Ortega-Rubio, Alfredo. (2003). Current status of rodents on islands in the Gulf of California. Biological Conservation 109(2): 157-163.

Donlan, C. J. (2008). On the ecology of invasive species, extinction, ecological history, and biodiversity conservation. Thesis Cornell University.

Fisher, Diana O. and Blomberg, Simon P. (2012). Inferring Extinction of Mammals from Sighting Records, Threats, and Biological Traits. Conservation Biology 26(1): 57-67.

Flannery, Timothy and Schouten, Peter. (2001). A Gap in Nature: Discovering the World's Extinct Animals. Text Publishing. [there was also a US edition of this book, and possibly others]

Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E. (2013). Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica 145: 1-130. [0.025 kg min. mass estimate]

Lawlor, T. E. (1971). Distribution and relationships of six species of Peromyscus in Baja California and Sonora, Mexico. Occasional Papers Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 66: 1-22.

Lawlor, T. E. 1983. The mammals. Pp. 265-289, in Island biogeography in the Sea of Cortez (T. J. Case and M. L. Cody, eds.). University of California Press, Berkeley, 508 pp.

Lee, T. E., Fisher, D. O., Blomberg, S. P. and Wintle, B. A. (2017). Extinct or still out there? Disentangling influences on extinction and rediscovery helps to clarify the fate of species on the edge. Global Change Biology 23(2): 621-634.

Monroy-Gamboa, Alina Gabriela. (2021). The ghost mammals from Mexico and their implications. Therya 12(3): 1-10.

Musser, G.G. and Carleton, M.D. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. In: D.E. Wilson and D.A. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: a geographic and taxonomic reference, pp. 894-1531. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. 2005 Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.


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