Oryzomys antillarum Thomas, 1898:177

Jamaican rice rat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Oryzomys palustris antillarum Thomas, 1898:177; Oryzomys couesi antillarum Thomas, 1898:177


Conservation Status


Last record: 1877 (Fisher & Blomberg, 2012; Lee et al., 2017; Turvey & Helgen, 2017)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Thomas, O. (1898). On indigenous Muridæ in the West Indies; with the description of a new Mexican Oryzomys. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7)1: 176-180.


Other references:

Allen, G. M. (1942). Extinct and vanishing mammals of the Western Hemisphere with the marine species of all the oceans. American Committee for International Wildlife Protection, Special Publications 11: 1-620.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Cooke, Siobhán B., Dávalos, Liliana M., Mychajliw, Alexis M. Turvey, Samuel T. and Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Anthropogenic Extinction Dominates Holocene Declines of West Indian Mammals. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 48: 301-327.

Coues, E. (1877). Muridae. Pp. x+264 in Coues, E. and Allen, J.A. Monographs of North American Rodentia. Report of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories 11:xii+x+1091 pp.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Fisher, Diana O. and Blomberg, Simon P. (2012). Inferring Extinction of Mammals from Sighting Records, Threats, and Biological Traits. Conservation Biology 26(1): 57-67.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Lee, T. E., Fisher, D. O., Blomberg, S. P. and Wintle, B. A. (2017). Extinct or still out there? Disentangling influences on extinction and rediscovery helps to clarify the fate of species on the edge. Global Change Biology 23(2): 621-634.

McFarlane, D. A., Lundberg, J. and Fincham, A. G. (2002). A late Quaternary paleoecological record from caves of southern Jamaica, West Indies. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 64(2): 117-125.

Morgan, G. S. (1993). Quaternary land vertebrates of Jamaica. In R. M. Wright and E. Robinson (eds.), Biostratigraphy of Jamaica. Geol. Soc. Amer. Mem. 182: 147-442. ["[includes] a summary of the systematic relationships of O. antillarum and its mainland progenitor"]

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Turvey, S. & Helgen, K. (2008). Oryzomys antillarum. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 18 September 2012.

Turvey, S.T. & Helgen, K. (2017). Oryzomys antillarum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T136540A22388029. Downloaded on 26 June 2021.

Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Past and present of insular Caribbean mammals: understanding Holocene extinctions to inform modern biodiversity conservation. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 913-917.

Weksler, M., Percequillo, A.R. and Voss, R.S. 2006. Ten new genera of Oryzomyine rodents (Cricetidae: Sigmodontinae). American Museum Novitates 3537: 1-29.

Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. 2005 Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.


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