Oryzomyini sp. nov. 'Anguilla Bank islands'



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Oryzomyini (Anguilla Bank islands) (Turvey & Fritz, 2011:SI:8); Megalomys sp. 1 (Borroto-Páez et al., 2012:399-400) (in part); Megalomys sp. 2 (Borroto-Páez et al., 2012:400) (in part)


The "Megalomys sp. 1" of (Borroto-Páez et al., 2012:399-400) was said to have a distribution of "Montserrat, Anguilla, St. Eustatius and St. Kitts" which does not make biogeographic sense. Material from St. Eustatius and St. Kitts was described as Pennatomys nivalis (Turvey et al., 2010), and two taxa are recognised from Montserrat, thus only leaving material from Anguilla (e.g. Wing, 1992, 1995; Turvey & Fritz, 2011:SI:8).

The "Megalomys sp. 2" of (Borroto-Páez et al., 2012:400) was said to have a distribution of "Montserrat, Anguilla, Barbuda, Guadeloupe, and Marie Galante" which does not make biogeographic sense. Material from all but the more remote Anguilla was described as Antillomys rayi (Brace et al. 2015), thus only leaving material from Anguilla (e.g. Wing, 1992, 1995; Turvey & Fritz, 2011:SI:8) without a scientific name.


Conservation Status




Anguilla & St. Martin


Biology & Ecology










Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Brace, Selina et al. (2015). Unexpected evolutionary diversity in a recently extinct Caribbean mammal radiation. Proc Biol Sci. B 282(1807): 20142371.

Cooke, Siobhán B., Dávalos, Liliana M., Mychajliw, Alexis M. Turvey, Samuel T. and Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Anthropogenic Extinction Dominates Holocene Declines of West Indian Mammals. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 48: 301-327.

Crock JG (2000) Interisland Interaction and the Development of Chiefdoms in the Eastern Caribbean. PhD thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

Pregill GK, Steadman DW, and Watters DR (1994) Late Quaternary vertebrate faunas of the Lesser Antilles: historical components of C aribbean biogeography. Bulletin of Carnegie Museum of Natural History 30, 1–51.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Turvey, Samuel T., Weksler, M., Morris, E.L. and Nokkert, M. (2010). Taxonomy, phylogeny and diversity of the extinct Lesser Antillean rice rats (Sigmodontinae: Oryzomyini), with description of a new genus and species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 160: 748-772.

Wing, Elizabeth S. (1992). Faunal remains from the Rendezvous Bay site, Anguilla W.I. Ms. on file Environmental Archaeology, Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville.

Wing, Elizabeth S. (1995). Rice rats and Saladoid people as seen at Hope Estate, pp. 219-231. In: Alegría, R. E. and Rodríguez, M. (eds.). Proceedings of the XV International Congress for Caribbean archaeology. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Puerto Rico y Caribe, Fundación Puertoriqueña de las Humanidades y la Universidad del Turabo.

Woods, C. A. (1989). Biogeography of the West Indies. Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville. [relevant reference? Same as Woods 1989a below?]


Citations to add from (Borroto-Páez et al., 2012:400): Steadman et al. 1984; Morgan and Woods 1986; Woods 1989a, 1990


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