Noronhomys vespuccii Carelton & Olson, 1999:10

Vespucci’s rodent, Vespucci's rat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: late Quaternary (1503?)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Fernando de Noronha, Brazil


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Carleton, Michael D., and, Olson, Storrs L. (1999). Amerigo Vespucci and the Rat of Fernando de Noronha: A new genus and species of Rodentia (Muridae: Sigmodontinae) from a volcanic island off Brazil's continental shelf. American Museum Novitates, No. 3256 (59 pp.).


Other references:

Musser, G.G. and Carleton, M.D. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. In: D.E. Wilson and D.A. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: a geographic and taxonomic reference, pp. 894-1531. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Olson, Storrs L. (1981). Natural history of vertebrates on the Brazilian islands of the mid South Atlantic. Natl. Geogr. Soc. Res. Rep. 13: 481-492.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Weksler, M. and Costa, L. (2008). Noronhomys vespuccii. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. ( Downloaded on 05 May 2011.

Weksler, M. & Costa , L.M. 2019. Noronhomys vespuccii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T136692A22333193. Accessed on 19 June 2022.


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