Neotoma martinensis Goldman, 1905:28

San Martin Island wood-rat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Neotoma bryanti martinensis Goldman, 1905:28


Conservation Status


Last record: 1925 (Fisher & Blomberg, 2012; Lee et al., 2017); 1950's; 1963?

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



San Martin


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Goldman, E. A. (1905). Twelve new wood rats of the genus Neotoma. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 18: 27-34.


Other references:

Álvarez-Castañeda, S.T., Castro-Arellano, I. & Lacher, T. (2008). Neotoma martinensis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. ( Downloaded on 08 October 2011.

Álvarez-Castañeda, S.T., Castro-Arellano, I. & Lacher, T. 2018. Neotoma bryanti ssp. martinensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T14580A124171713. Accessed on 04 July 2022.

Alvarez-Castañeda, S. T. and Cortés-Calva, Patricia. (1999). Familia Muridae, pp. 445-568. In: Álvarez-Castañeda, S. T. and Patton, J. L. (eds.). Mamíferos del Noroeste de México. La Paz, México: Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste. 583 pp.

Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P., Cardillo, M., Jones, K.E., MacPhee, R.D.E., Beck, R.M.D., Grenyer, R., Price, S.A., Vos, R.A., Gittleman, J.L. & Purvis, A. 2007 The delayed rise of present-day mammals. Nature 446, 507-512.

Cortés-Calva, P., Yensen, E. and Alvarez-Castaneda, S. T. (2001). Neotoma martinensis. Mammalian Species [b]657[/b]: 1-3.

Donlan, C. J. (2008). On the ecology of invasive species, extinction, ecological history, and biodiversity conservation. Thesis Cornell University.

Fisher, Diana O. and Blomberg, Simon P. (2012). Inferring Extinction of Mammals from Sighting Records, Threats, and Biological Traits. Conservation Biology 26(1): 57-67.

Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E. (2013). Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica 145: 1-130. [0.145-0.279 kg estimate]

Goldman, E. A. 1932. Review of woodrats of Neotoma lepida group. Journal of Mammalogy, 13:59-67.

Jones, K.E. et al. 2009 PanTHERIA: A species-level database of life-history, ecology and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90: 2648.

Lee, T. E., Fisher, D. O., Blomberg, S. P. and Wintle, B. A. (2017). Extinct or still out there? Disentangling influences on extinction and rediscovery helps to clarify the fate of species on the edge. Global Change Biology 23(2): 621-634.

Mascarello, J. T. 1978. Chromosomal, biochemical, mensural, penile, and cranial variation in desert woodrats (Neotoma lepida). Journal of Mammalogy 59: 477-495.

Musser, G.G. and Carleton, M.D. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. In: D.E. Wilson and D.A. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: a geographic and taxonomic reference, pp. 894-1531. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Patton, James L. et al. (2007). The Evolutionary History and a Systematic Revision of Woodrats of the Neotoma lepida Group. University of California publications in zoology 135: xx + 450 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]


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