Mysateles prehensilis meridionalis (Varona, 1986:4)

Isla De La Juventud Tree Hutia, Southern Hutia, Carabalí hutia of the south of the Isla de la Juventud, Sata hutia, Tree hutia, Prehensile-tailed hutia



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Mysateles meridionalis Varona, 1986:4


Conservation Status


Last record: 1978 (Fisher & Blomberg, 2012; Lee et al., 2017)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered


Only known from 5 specimens collected in 1977 and 1978 (Varona, 1986; Borroto & Garcia, 2003: 8,9). Several visits in the years 1987-1993 by (Borroto & Garcia, 2003) failed to find any more individuals. Instead the island was found to be populated by feral cats (Felis catus), dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) and rats (Rattus rattus). Of which feral cats, due to their ability to climb trees, are likely to have caused a population decline in Mysateles meridionalis (Borroto & Garcia, 2003).



Isla de la Joventud (= Isle of Pines), Cuba


Biology & Ecology




Only known from 5 specimens collected in 1977 and 1978 (Varona, 1986; Borroto & Garcia, 2003: 8,9).






Original scientific description:

Varona, L. S. (1986). Táxones del subgénero Mysateles en la Isla de la Juventud. Descripción de una nueva especie (Rodentia; Capromyidae; Capromys). Poeyana 315: 1-12.


Other references:

Borroto-Páez (2011b) [cited by Turvey et al. 2017]

Borroto-Páez, Rafael and Mancina, Carlos A. (2017). Biodiversity and conservation of Cuban mammals: past, present, and invasive species. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 964-985.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Borroto, R. and I. Ramos. (1999). Taxon data sheet: Mysateles meridionalis. Section VII. 1-4. In: Report of Conservation Assessment and Management Plan Workshop for Selected Cuban Species IV. CBSG, Apple Valley, Minnesota.

Borroto Paez, R. and Ramos Garcia, I. (2003). Current status of the carabali hutia from South of Isla de la Joventud, Mysateles meridionalis. Orsis 18: 7-11.

Cooke, Siobhán B., Dávalos, Liliana M., Mychajliw, Alexis M. Turvey, Samuel T. and Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Anthropogenic Extinction Dominates Holocene Declines of West Indian Mammals. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 48: 301-327.

Fabre, Patton & Leite (HMW6, 2016)

Fisher, Diana O. and Blomberg, Simon P. (2012). Inferring Extinction of Mammals from Sighting Records, Threats, and Biological Traits. Conservation Biology 26(1): 57-67.

Lee, T. E., Fisher, Diana O., Blomberg, Simon P. and Wintle, B. A. (2017). Extinct or still out there? Disentangling influences on extinction and rediscovery helps to clarify the fate of species on the edge. Global Change Biology 23(2): 621-634.

Silva Taboada et al. (2007) [cited by Turvey et al. 2017]

Soy, J., Borroto, R. and Silva, G. (2008). Mysateles meridionalis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 09 September 2012.

Samuel T Turvey, Rosalind J Kennerley, Jose M Nuñez-Miño and Richard P Young. (2017). The Last Survivors: current status and conservation of the non-volant land mammals of the insular Caribbean. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 918-936. [Abstract]

Upham, Nathan S. and Borroto-Páez, Rafael. (2017). Molecular phylogeography of endangered Cuban hutias within the Caribbean radiation of capromyid rodents. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 950-963.


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