Mesocapromys sanfelipensis Varona & Garrido, 1970:3

Little Earth hutia, San Felipe hutia, Little ground hutia



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1978 (Fisher & Blomberg, 2012; Lee et al., 2017)

IUCN status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



Cayo Juan Garcia (21°59?N, 83°31?W), Archipiélago de los Canorreos, Pinar del Rio Province, Cuba


Biology & Ecology




A specimen can be seen here:






Original scientific description:

Varona, L. S. and Arredondo, O. (1979). Nuevos táxones fósiles de Capromyidae (Rodentia: Caviomorpha). Poeyana 195: 1-51.


Other references:

Alvarez, V. B. and Gonzalez, A. C. (1991). The critical condition of hutias in Cuba. Oryx 25: 206-208.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael and Mancina, Carlos A. (2017). Biodiversity and conservation of Cuban mammals: past, present, and invasive species. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 964-985.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Cooke, Siobhán B., Dávalos, Liliana M., Mychajliw, Alexis M. Turvey, Samuel T. and Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Anthropogenic Extinction Dominates Holocene Declines of West Indian Mammals. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 48: 301-327.

Duncan, Clare, Böhm, Monika and Turvey, Samuel T. (2021). Identifying the possibilities and pitfalls of conducting IUCN Red List assessments from remotely sensed habitat information based on insights from poorly known Cuban mammals. Conservation Biology 35(5): 1598-1614.

Fisher, Diana O. and Blomberg, Simon P. (2012). Inferring Extinction of Mammals from Sighting Records, Threats, and Biological Traits. Conservation Biology 26(1): 57-67.

Frías, A. I., Berovides V. and Fernández, C. (1988). Situación actual de la jutiita de la tierra Capromys sanfelipensis (Rodentia, Mammalia). Doñana, Acta Vertebrata 15(2): 252-254.

Kennerley, R., Turvey, S.T., Young, R. & Borotto-Páez, R. (2019). Mesocapromys sanfelipensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T13218A22186444. Accessed on 06 July 2022.

Kratochvíl, J., L. Rodriguez, and V. Barus. 1978. Capromyinae (Rodentia) of Cuba. I. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium. Academiae Scientiarum Bohemoslovacae (Brno), n.s., 12(11):1-60.

Lee, T. E., Fisher, D. O., Blomberg, S. P. and Wintle, B. A. (2017). Extinct or still out there? Disentangling influences on extinction and rediscovery helps to clarify the fate of species on the edge. Global Change Biology 23(2): 621-634.

López, Lazaro W. V. et al. (2018). Notes on Mesocapromys sanfelipensis (Rodentia: Capromyidae) from Cuba. Zootaxa 4410(1): 164-176.

Meier, G. G. (2004). Success and disappointment while searching for hutia. Species 41: 7-8.

Soy, J. and Silva, G. (2008). Mesocapromys sanfelipensis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 28 July 2013.

Thornback, Jane and Jenkins, Martin (compilers). (1982). The IUCN Mammal Red Data Book. Part 1: Threatened Mammalian Taxa of the Americas and the Australasian Zoogeographic Region (Excluding Cetacea). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 516 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel et al. (2017). The Last Survivors: current status and conservation of the non-volant land mammals of the insular Caribbean. Journal of Mammalogy. [Abstract]

Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Past and present of insular Caribbean mammals: understanding Holocene extinctions to inform modern biodiversity conservation. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 913-917.

Upham, Nathan S. and Borroto-Páez, Rafael. (2017). Molecular phylogeography of endangered Cuban hutias within the Caribbean radiation of capromyid rodents. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 950-963.

Varona, L. S. 1974. Catálogo de los mamíferos vivientes y extinguidos de las Antillas. Instituto de Zoologia, Academia de Ciencias de Cuba (Havana), 139 pp.

Varona, L. S. (1980a). Mamiferos de Cuba. Editorial Gente Nueva, Habana. [annotated by the author]

Varona, L. S. (1980b). Protection in Cuba. Oryx 15(3): 282-284.

Varona, L. S. and Garrido, O. H. (1970). Vertebrados de los Cayos de San Felipe, Cuba, incluyendo una nueva especie de jutía. Poeyana, Serie A, 75: 17-26.


<< Back to the Rodents database