Melomys fraterculus Thomas, 1920:428

Manusela mosaic-tailed rat, Manusela melomys



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Uromys fraterculus Thomas, 1920:428; Pogonomelomys fraterculus Thomas, 1920:428


Conservation Status


Last record: January 1920 (Flannery, 1995:133)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered



Seram island (=Ceram), Indonesia


Biology & Ecology




Only known from the holotype, an adult male according to (Flannery, 1995:133), but known from the type series of two specimens according to (Helgen, 2003). Roycroft et al. (2022) report two accessions in two different museums:


NHMUK ZD.1920.7.26.27






Original scientific description:

Thomas, Oldfield. (1920). On small mammals from Ceram. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 9, 6: 422-431.


Other references:

Flannery, T. F. 1995. Mammals of the South-west Pacific and Moluccan Islands. Comstock/Cornell, Ithaca, NY, 464 pp. [p. 133]

Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E. (2013). Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica 145: 1-130. [0.048 kg min. mass estimate]

Helgen, K. M. (2003). A review of the rodent fauna of Seram, Moluccas, with the description of a new subspecies of mosaic-tailed rat, Melomys rufescens paveli. Journal of Zoology (London) 261: 165-172.

Helgen, K. and Aplin, K. (2008). Melomys fraterculus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 28 July 2013.

Laurie, E. M. O., and J. E. Hill. 1954. List of land mammals of New Guinea, Celebes and adjacent
islands 1758-1952. British Museum (Natural History) Publications, London, 175 pp.

Menzies, J. I. 1991. A systematic revision of Pogonomelomys (Rodentia: Muridae) of New Guinea. Science in New Guinea 16: 118-137.

Roycroft, Emily et al. (2022). New Guinea uplift opens ecological opportunity across a continent. Current Biology.

Rümmler, H. (1938). Die Systematik und Verbreitung der Muriden Neuguineas. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologische Museum 23: 1-297.

Silva, M. B. and Downing, J. A. (1995). CRC handbook of mammalian body masses. CRC Press: 1-359.

Tate, G. H. H. 1951. Results of the Archbold Expeditions. No. 65. The rodents of Australia and New
Guinea. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 97:183-430.


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