Melanomys zunigae Sanborn, 1949:2

Zuniga’s dark rice rat, Zuniga’s melanomys



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Oryzomys zunigae Sanborn, 1949:2


Conservation Status


Last record: 1949 (Fisher & Blomberg, 2012; Lee et al., 2017)

IUCN status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



Lima Department, Peru


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Sanborn, C. C. (1949). A new species of rice rat (Oryzomys) from the coast of Peru. Publicaciones del Museo de Historia Natural "Javier Prado" 1(3): 1-4.


Other references:

Fisher, Diana O. and Blomberg, Simon P. (2012). Inferring Extinction of Mammals from Sighting Records, Threats, and Biological Traits. Conservation Biology 26(1): 57-67.

Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E. (2013). Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica 145: 1-130. [0.054 kg min. mass estimate]

Lee, T. E., Fisher, D. O., Blomberg, S. P. and Wintle, B. A. (2017). Extinct or still out there? Disentangling influences on extinction and rediscovery helps to clarify the fate of species on the edge. Global Change Biology 23(2): 621-634.

Smith, F.A., Lyons, S.K., Morgan Ernest, S.K., Jones, K.E., Kauffman, D.M., Dayan, T., Marquet, P.A., Brown, J.H. & Haskell, J.P. 2003. Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84, Eco­logical Archives E084­093­metadata: 1-15.

Zeballos, H. and Vivar, E. (2008). Melanomys zunigae. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 28 July 2013.

Zuniga, E. (1942). Observaciones ecologicas sobre las mamiferas de las lomas. Boletim do Museu Nacional "Javier Prado" 6(22-23): 392-399.


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