Megalomys audreyae Hopwood, 1926:329

Barbuda giant rice rat, Barbuda musk(-)rat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Oryzomys audreyae Hopwood, 1926; Megalomys majori Trouessart, 1904 (nomen nudum); Oryzomys majori Trouessart, 1904 (nomen nudum)


Conservation Status


Last record: Quaternary



Barbuda, West Indies


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Hopwood, A. T. (1926). A fossil rice-rat from the Pleistocene of Barbuda. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (9)17: 328-330.


Other references:

Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Brace, Selina et al. (2015). Unexpected evolutionary diversity in a recently extinct Caribbean mammal radiation. Proc Biol Sci. B 282(1807): 20142371.

Cooke, Siobhán B., Dávalos, Liliana M., Mychajliw, Alexis M. Turvey, Samuel T. and Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Anthropogenic Extinction Dominates Holocene Declines of West Indian Mammals. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 48: 301-327.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

MacPhee, R. D. E. and Flemming, C. (1999). Requiem Æternam: The last five hundred years of mammalian species extinctions. Pp. 333-371 in MacPhee, R.D.E. (ed.). Extinctions in Near Time: Causes, Contexts, and Consequences. New York: Plenum Press, 384 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey ST, Brace S, Weksler M. (2012). A new species of recently extinct rice rat (Megalomys) from Barbados. Mamm Biol 77: 404-413.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Turvey, S.T., Weksler, M., Morris, E.L. & Nokkert, M. 2010 Taxonomy, phylogeny and diversity of the extinct Lesser Antillean rice rats (Sigmodontinae: Oryzomyini), with description of a new genus and species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 160: 748-772.


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