Leporillus apicalis Gould, 1853a:126

Lesser stick-nest rat, White-tipped stick-nest rat, White-tailed stick-nest rat, White-tipped hapalotis, White-tipped house-building rat (used by Wood Jones, 1925:334), White-tailed house-building rat (Brazenor, 1950:63; Calaby, 1969), White-tipped tree-rat (Troughton, 1923:33; Mahoney, 1982:25), White-tipped jerboa-rat (Ogilby, 1892:116), Tillikin (Krefft, 1866:4), Djooyalpi (Crowther, 2013), karnanyuru (Barngarla (Eyre Peninsula); Schürmann, 1844), ?ilyki (Tunbridge, 1991:77)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Hapalotis apicalis Gould, 1853a:126 (basionym); Conilurus apicalis (Gould, 1853a:126); Conilurus apicalis (Gould, 1851(:iii?)) (cited by Ogilby, 1892:116)


Conservation Status


Last record: 1933 (Robinson et al., 2000; Johnson, 2006:169; Fisher & Blomberg, 2012; Lee et al., 2017); July 1933 (Tindale, 1933); 1970?

IUCN status: Extinct


The last reliable record of this species was in 1933, when two specimens were captured west of Mount Crombie by A. Brumby of Ernabella (Finlayson, 1961; Ride, 1970:203). However, several possible records since then hint at its possible continued survival. For example, Firth (1979) reports Leporillus sp. stick nests from the Gibson Desert in 1958. Another report from Western Australia in 1970 may possibly be of this species (Robinson, 2008; Robinson & Burbidge, 2008). However, the species' sole surviving congener (L. conditor) is now limited to offshore islands and ex situ mainland populations, and thus any mainland record of Leporillus sp. would have to rule out L. conditor.



New South Wales (prehistoric), Northern Territory, South Australia, Victoria & Western Australia (incl. prehistoric; Bowdler, 1995), Australia

Type locality: South Australia (Mahoney & Richardson, 1988:159)


Anatomy & Morphology

Body mass: 150gm (Johnson, 2006:169).


Biology & Ecology

"Ecology: terrestrial, folivore"

(Mahoney & Richardson, 1988:159)



"Type data: holotype, whereabouts unknown (once in the possession of John Gould)" (Mahoney & Richardson, 1988:159)


Other specimens:

FMNH 16628

FMNH 18725 to 18732

MV C90 (Roycroft et al., 2021, 2022)






Original scientific description:

Gould, John. (1853). Remarks on the genus Hapalotis. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1851: 126-127.


Other references:

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