Juscelinomys candango Moojen, 1965:281

Candago mouse, Brasilia burrowing mouse



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1960 (Fisher & Blomberg, 2012; Lee et al., 2017); 1990?

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Distrito Federal, Cerrado region, Brasilia, Brazil


Biology & Ecology




According to (Emmons, 1999:7) there exists "the holotype, a series of seven paratype skins, and nine skulls", thus representing a minimum of 9 different individuals.


Holotype: MN 23870 (female)

Type locality: Central Brazil, Federal District, Brasilia, Parque Zoobotanico, at 1,030 m

Paratypes (all males):

MN 23871
MN 30026
MN 30027
MN 30028
MN 30030
MN 30031
MN 30032






Original scientific description:

Moojen, J. (1965). Novo género de Cricetidae do Brasil Central. (Glires, Mammalia.). Rev. Brasil. Biol. 25: 281-285.


Other references:

Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P., Cardillo, M., Jones, K.E., MacPhee, R.D.E., Beck, R.M.D., Grenyer, R., Price, S.A., Vos, R.A., Gittleman, J.L. & Purvis, A. 2007 The delayed rise of present-day mammals. Nature 446, 507-512.

da Fonseca, G. A. (1994). Livro vermelho dos mamíferos brasileiros ameaçados de extinção. Fundação Biodiversitas.

Emmons, Louise H. (1999). Two New Species of Juscelinomys (Rodentia: Muridae) from Bolivia. American Museum Novitates, No. 3280: 1-15.

Emmons, Louise H. (2015). Genus Juscelinomys Moojen, 1965, pp. 225-228. In: Patton, J. L., Pardiñas, U. F. J. and D’Elía, G. (eds.). Mammals of South America, Vol. 2 – Rodents. Chicago: Te University of Chicago Press.

Fisher, Diana O. and Blomberg, Simon P. (2012). Inferring Extinction of Mammals from Sighting Records, Threats, and Biological Traits. Conservation Biology 26(1): 57-67.

Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E. (2013). Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica 145: 1-130. [0.097 kg min. mass estimate]

Gutiérrez, Eliécer E. and Marinho-Filho, Jader. (2017). The mammalian faunas endemic to the Cerrado and the Caatinga. ZooKeys 644: 105-157.

Hadler, Patricia, Galliari, Carlos A. and Pardiñas, Ulyses F. J. (2024). Chancy History of a Supposedly Vanished South American Rodent, Lagostomus crassus, with Remarks on Recent Extinctions in Caviomorphs, pp. 81-97. In: Rasia, Luciano Luis, Barbeito, Claudio Gustavo and Acuña, Francisco. (eds.). Plains Vizcachas: Biology and Evolution of a Peculiar Neotropical Caviomorph Rodent. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.

Hershkovitz, Philip. (1998). Report on some sigmodontine rodents collected in southeastern Brazil with descriptions of a new genus and six species. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 47b: 193-256. [p. 196]

Jones, K.E. et al. 2009 PanTHERIA: A species-level database of life-history, ecology and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90: 2648.

Lee, T. E., Fisher, D. O., Blomberg, S. P. and Wintle, B. A. (2017). Extinct or still out there? Disentangling influences on extinction and rediscovery helps to clarify the fate of species on the edge. Global Change Biology 23(2): 621-634.

Leite, Y. and Patterson, B. (2008). Juscelinomys candango. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 09 September 2012.

Musser, G.G. and Carleton, M.D. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. In: D.E. Wilson and D.A. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: a geographic and taxonomic reference, pp. 894-1531. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Roach, N. (2019). Juscelinomys candango (amended version of 2019 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T10946A160756258. Accessed on 02 July 2022.

Smith, F.A., Lyons, S.K., Morgan Ernest, S.K., Jones, K.E., Kauffman, D.M., Dayan, T., Marquet, P.A., Brown, J.H. & Haskell, J.P. 2003. Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84, Eco­logical Archives E084­093­metadata: 1-15.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]



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