Hystrix refossa Gervais, 1852



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: H. major Gervais, 1859; H. crassidens Lydekker, 1886; H. etrusca Bosco, 1898; H. angressi Frenkel, 1970; H. gigantea Van Weers, 1985; H. magna Pei, 1987


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Gervais P. 1848–1852. Zoologie et Paléontologie Française. Bertrand, Paris, 1-271.


Other references:

Bosco C. 1898. Hystrix etrusca n. sp. Palaeontogr. Italica 4: 141-153.

Frenkel H. 1970. Hystrix angressi sp. nov., a large fossil porcupine from the Levalloiso-Mousterian of the Geula Cave. Isr. J. Zool. 19: 51-82.

Gervais P. 1859. Sur une espèce de porc-epic fossile dans les brèches osseuses de l’île de Ratonneau, près Marseille. C. r. hebd. séances Acad. sci. 49: 511-512.

Lydekker R. 1886. The fauna of the Karnul Caves. Palaeontol. Indica 10 (4): 23-58.

Pei W. 1987. Carnivora, Proboscidea and Rodentia from Liucheng Gigantopithecus cave and other caves in Guangxi. Mem. Inst. Vertebr. Palaeont. Palaeoanthrop., Acad. Sinica 18: 1-115. [Chinese: 1-94; English: 95-115]

Weers DJ van. 1985. Hystrix gigantea, a new fossil porcupine species from Java (Rodentia: Hystricidae). Senckenbergiana Lethaea 66: 111-119.

van Weers, D. J. (2005). A taxonomic revision of the Pleistocene Hystrix (Hystricidae, Rodentia) from Eurasia with notes on the evolution of the family. Contributions to Zoology 74(3-4): 301-312.

Wu X., Liu W., Gao X., Yin G. 2006 Huanglong cave, a new late pleistocene hominid site in Hubei Province, China. Chinese Science Bulletin 51(20), 2493-2499.


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