Geomys pinetis cumberlandius Bangs, 1898

Cumberland Island pocket gopher



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Geomys cumberlandius Bangs, 1898 (original combination)


Conservation Status

Last record: 19 April 1932 or later; 1956 (Laerm, 1981)


The Cumberland Island pocket gopher (Geomys pinetis cumberlandius) was thought to have disappeared from its only known habitat, Cumberland Island, Georgia, but was seemingly rediscovered during the late 1970's or very early 1980's (Laerm, 1981).



Cumberland Island, Camden County, Georgia, USA


Biology & Ecology




MVZ Mammals 74432 (female; skull and study skin; collected 19 April 1932)






Original scientific description:

Bangs, O. (1898). The land mammals of peninsular Florida and the coast region of Georgia. Proceedings of the Boston Society Natural History 28: 157-235.


Other references:

Hall, E. R. (1981). The mammals of North America. Second ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York 1:1-600 + 90; 2:601-1181 + 90.

Hall, E. R. and Kelson, K. R. (1959). The mammals of North America. Ronald Press Co., New York, 1: 1-546; 2: 547-1083 + 79.

Laerm, Joshua. (1981). Systematic status of the Cumberland Island pocket gopher, Geomys cumberlandius. Brimleyana 6: 141-151.

Williams, S. L. and Genoways, H. H. (1980). Morphological variation in the southeastern pocket gopher, Geomys pinetis (Mammalia: Rodentia). Annals of Carnegie Museum 49: 405-453.


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