Geocapromys ingrahami ingrahami (J.A. Allen, 1891)

Bahaman hutia, Ingraham's hutia



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Geocapromys ingrahami J.A. Allen, 1891


Conservation Status

Rediscovered in 1966 (Clough, 1969)

IUCN RedList status: Vulnerable



East Plana Keys, Bahamas


Biology & Ecology










Campbell, D. G. (1978). The Ephemeral Islands: A Natural History of the Bahamas. London: MacMillan.

Campbell, D. G., Lowell, K. S., Lightbourn, M. E. 1991. The effect of introduced Hutias (Geocapromys ingrahami) on the woody vegetation of Little Wax Cay, Bahamas. Conservation Biology 5: 536-541.

Clough, Garrett C. (1969). The Bahaman Hutia: a Rodent Refound. Oryx 10(2): 106-108. [Abstract]

Clough, Garrett C. (1972). The biology of the Bahaman Hutia, Geocapromys ingrahami. Journal of Mammalogy 53: 807-823.

Clough, Garrett C. (1974). Additional notes on the biology of the Bahamian Hutia, Geocapromys ingrahami. J. Mammal. 55(3): 670-672.

Cooke, Siobhán B., Dávalos, Liliana M., Mychajliw, Alexis M. Turvey, Samuel T. and Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Anthropogenic Extinction Dominates Holocene Declines of West Indian Mammals. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 48: 301-327.

Howe, R. and Clough, Garrett C. (1971). The Bahamian Hutia in captivity. Int. Zoo Yearbook 11: 89-93.

LeFebvre, Michelle J., Mychajliw, Alexis M., Harris, George B. and Oswald, Jessica A. (2023). Historical DNA from a rediscovered nineteenth-century paratype reveals genetic continuity of a Bahamian hutia (Geocapromys ingrahami) population. Biology Letters 19: 20220566.

Oswald, Jessica A. et al. (2020). Ancient DNA and high-resolution chronometry reveal a long-term human role in the historical diversity and biogeography of the Bahamian hutia. Scientific Reports 10: 1373.

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]

Thornback, Jane and Jenkins, Martin (compilers). (1982). The IUCN Mammal Red Data Book. Part 1: Threatened Mammalian Taxa of the Americas and the Australasian Zoogeographic Region (Excluding Cetacea). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 516 pp.

Turvey, S. & Dávalos, L. 2008. Geocapromys ingrahami. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T9002A12949103. Downloaded on 15 February 2017.

Woods, C.A. and Kilpatrick, C.W. 2005. Infraorder Hystricognathi. In: Wilson, D.E. and Reeder, D.M. (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 1538-1599. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.


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