Geocapromys columbianus Chapman, 1892:314

Cuban coney, Cuban hutia, Cuban short tailed hutia, Columbian hutia



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Capromys columbianus Chapman, 1892:314; Geocapromys cubanus Allen, 1917:9; Geocapromys pleistocenicus Arredondo 1958; Geocapromys columbianus pleistocenicus Arredondo, 1958


Conservation Status


Last record: 1500 (Fisher & Blomberg, 2012)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Cuba (including Isla de la Juventud)


Biology & Ecology




Holotype of G. cubanus, synonym of G. columbianus: MCZ P9602

Assorted other material assigned to G. cubanus is in the MCZ collection as well.

YPM VP 034687






Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Allen, Glover Morrill. (1917). New fossil mammals of Cuba. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 61: 3-12.

Allen, Glover Morrill. (1918). Fossil mammals from Cuba. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 62: 133-148.

Anthony, H. E. (1919). Mammals collected in eastern Cuba in 1917. With descriptions of two new species. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History 41: 625-643.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael and Mancina, Carlos A. (2017). Biodiversity and conservation of Cuban mammals: past, present, and invasive species. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 964-985.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Condis, M. M. y O. Jiménez. En Prensa. Valoración estadística de las diferencias interespecíficas entre Geocapromys columbianus y Geocapromys pleistocenicus (Rodentia: Caviomorpha). Cartacuba (Boletín Electrónico de la Sociedad Cubana de Zoología), 3(1) (en prensa).

Cooke, Siobhán B., Dávalos, Liliana M., Mychajliw, Alexis M. Turvey, Samuel T. and Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Anthropogenic Extinction Dominates Holocene Declines of West Indian Mammals. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 48: 301-327.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Fisher, Diana O. and Blomberg, Simon P. (2012). Inferring Extinction of Mammals from Sighting Records, Threats, and Biological Traits. Conservation Biology 26(1): 57-67.

Hall, E. R. (1981). The mammals of North America. Second ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1: 1-600 + 90, 2:601-1181 + 90.

Silva Taboada, G., Suárez Duque, W. & Díaz Franco, S. 2007. Compendio de los mamíferos terrestres autóctonos de Cuba vivientes y extinguidos. La Habana, Cuba: Museo Nacional de Historia Natural.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Turvey, S. and Helgen, K. (2008). Geocapromys columbianus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 25 December 2012.

Turvey, S.T. & Helgen, K. 2018. Geocapromys columbianus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T9004A22186798. Accessed on 19 June 2022.

Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Past and present of insular Caribbean mammals: understanding Holocene extinctions to inform modern biodiversity conservation. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 913-917.

Upham, Nathan S. and Borroto-Páez, Rafael. (2017). Molecular phylogeography of endangered Cuban hutias within the Caribbean radiation of capromyid rodents. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 950-963.

Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. 2005 Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.


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