Clidomys osborni Anthony, 1920

Jamaican giant hutia, Larger Jamaican giant hutia, Osborn's key mouse



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Clidomys parvus Anthony, 1920; Speoxenus cundalli Anthony, 1920; Spirodontomys jamaicensis Anthony, 1920; Alterodon major Anthony, 1920


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene





Biology & Ecology




Holotype: AMNH 17634 ("left dentary with p4-m3")


Other Specimens:

AMNH 17637 ("single P4"; holotype of C. parvus)
UF 172946 ("associated maxilla and mandibles")
UF 204854 ("fragment of left maxilla with M1")
UF 204851 ("edentulous palate")
UF 204853 ("left and right premaxilla with incisors")
UF 204852 ("edentulous left and right premaxilla")
UF 172945 ("associated right and left dentaries...")
UF 204858 ("left dentary with m2-m3")
UF 204855 and 205856 ("two isolated teeth)"
UF 204857 ("three associated thoracic vertebrae")
UF 204860 ("humerus")
UF 204861 ("distal humerus")
UF 204863 ("proximal radius")
UF 204864 ("proximal ulna")
UF 204866 ("distal femur")






Original scientific description:

Anthony, H. E. (1920). New mammals from Jamaica. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 42: 469-475.


Other references:

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

MacPhee, R. D. E. (1984). Quaternary mammal localities and heptaxodontid rodents of Jamaica. Amer. Mus. Novitates 2803: 1-34.

Mcfarlane, D. A. , Lundberg, J. , Flemming, C. Macphee, R, D. E. And Lauritzen, S. E. (1998). A second Pre-Wisconsin locality for the extinct Jamaican rodent, Clidomys (Rodentia; Heptaxodontidae). Caribbean Journal of Science 34: 315-317.

Morgan, Gary S. and Wilkins, Laurie. (2003). The Extinct Rodent Clidomys (Heptaxodontidae) From a Late Quaternary Cave Deposit in Jamaica. Caribbean Journal of Science 39(1): 34-41.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Past and present of insular Caribbean mammals: understanding Holocene extinctions to inform modern biodiversity conservation. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 913-917.

Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. 2005. Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.


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