Canariomys tamarani Lopez-Martinez & Lopez-Jurado, 1987

Gran Canaria giant rat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene



Gran Canaria, Canary Islands


Biology & Ecology




"The original type series is in the Museo Canario, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain"

(Hutterer & Peters, 2010:16)

"ZFMK 2009.634, cast of holotype I-11, skull without mandibles, rostrum and braincase damaged; ZFMK 2009.635-638, casts of paratypes I-267, I-47, I-516, I-592, skull, upper toothrows, and 2 left mandibles"

(Hutterer & Peters, 2010:16)






Original scientific description:

López-Martínez, N. and López-Jurado, L. F. (1987). Un nuevo murido gigante del Cuaternario de Gran Canaria Canariomys tamarani nov. sp. (Rodentia, Mammalia). Doñana, Publicaciòn ocasionel 2: 1-60.


Other references:

Firmat, T. C., Rodrigues, H. G., Renaud, S., Claude, J., Hutterer, R., Garcia-Talavera, F. and Michaux, J. (2010). Mandible morphology, dental microwear, and diet of the extinct giant rats Canariomys (Rodentia: Murinae) of the Canary Islands (Spain). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 101(1): 28-40. [Abstract]

Hutterer, Rainer and Peters, Gustav. (2010). Type specimens of mammals (Mammalia) in the collections of the Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Bonn. Bonn zoological Bulletin 59: 3-27.

Michaux J, López-Martínez N, and Hernández-Pacheco JJ (1996) A 14C dating of Canariomys bravoi (Mammalia Rodentia), the extinct giant rat from Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain), and the recent history of the endemic mammals in the archipelago. Vie et Milieu 46, 261–266.

Moncunill-Solé, Blanca, Jordana, Xavier, Marín-Moratalla, Nekane, Moyà-Solà, Salvador and Köhler, Meike. (In Press, 2013). How large are the extinct giant insular rodents? New body mass estimations from teeth and bones. Intergrative Zoology. [Abstract]

Renom, Pere et al. (2021). Genetic data from the extinct giant rat from Tenerife (Canary Islands) points to a recent divergence from mainland relatives. Biol. Lett. 17: 20210533.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. 2005 Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.


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