Canariomys bravoi Crusafont & Petter, 1964

Tenerife giant rat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 206 to 410 BC



Tenerife, Canary Islands


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Crusafont, M. and Petter, F. (1964). Un muridé géant fossile des îles Canaries: Canariomys bravoi gen. nov., sp. nov. (Rongeurs, Muridés). Mammalia 28: 608-611.


Other references:

Alberto, V. (1998). Los otros animales. Consumo de Gallotia goliath y Canariomys bravoi en la prehistoria de Tenerife. El Museo Canario 53: 59–86.

Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Bocherens, Hervé, Michaux, Jacques, Garcìa-Talavera, Francisco and Van der Plicht, Johannes. (2006). Extinction of endemic vertebrates on islands: The case of the giant rat Canariomys bravoi (Mammalia, Rodentia) on Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain). C. R. Palevol 5: 885-891.

Bocherens, Hervé, Michaux, Jacques, Billiou, D., Castanet, J. and Garcìa-Talavera, Francisco. (2003). Contribution of collagen stable isotope biogeochemistry to the paleobiology of extinct endemic vertebrates from Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain). Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies 39(3): 197-210.

Casanovas-Vilar, Isaac and Luján, Àngel H. (2022). Description of the Type Specimen of the Extinct Tenerife Giant Rat (Canariomys bravoi). Journal of Mammalian Evolution. 

Crowley, Brooke Erin et al. (2019). Revisiting the Foraging Ecology and Extinction History of Two Endemic Vertebrates from Tenerife, Canary Islands. Quaternary 2(10): doi:10.3390/quat2010010. [automatic download]

Firmat, T. C., Rodrigues, H. G., Renaud, S., Claude, J., Hutterer, R., Garcia-Talavera, F. and Michaux, J. (2010). Mandible morphology, dental microwear, and diet of the extinct giant rats Canariomys (Rodentia: Murinae) of the Canary Islands (Spain). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 101(1): 28-40. [Abstract]

Michaux J., Hautier L., Hutterer R., Lebrun R., Guy F., García-Talavera F. (2012). Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi (Mammalia, Murinae) from Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Comptes Rendus Palevol. 11(7): 485-494. [Abstract]

Michaux J., Hautier L., Hutterer R., Lebrun R., Guy F., García-Talavera F. (2015). 3D fossil reconstruction related to the publication: Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi from Tenerife, Canary Islands. MMM Journal 1(1):e-3. [automatic download]

Michaux, J., Lopez-Martinez, N. and Hernandez-Pacheco, J. J. (1996). A 14C dating of Canariomys bravoi (Mammalia Rodentia), the extinct giant rat from Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain), and the recent history of the endemic mammals in the Archipelago. Vie et milieu 46(3/4): 261-266. [Abstract]

Moncunill-Solé, Blanca, Jordana, Xavier, Marín-Moratalla, Nekane, Moyà-Solà, Salvador and Köhler, Meike. (In Press, 2013). How large are the extinct giant insular rodents? New body mass estimations from teeth and bones. Intergrative Zoology. [Abstract]

Rando, Juan Carlos, Alcover, Josep Antoni, Galván, Bertila and Navarro, Juan Francisco. (2014). Reappraisal of the extinction of Canariomys bravoi, the giant rat from Tenerife (Canary Islands). Quaternary Science Reviews 94: 22-27. [Abstract]

Renom, Pere. (2023). Understanding evolution through genomic analysis of extinct species. PhD thesis, Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament de Medicina i Ciències de la Vida.

Renom, Pere et al. (2021). Genetic data from the extinct giant rat from Tenerife (Canary Islands) points to a recent divergence from mainland relatives. Biol. Lett. 17: 20210533.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. 2005 Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.


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