Antillomys rayi Brace et al., 2015



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Oryzomyini sp. (rice rat) (Steadman et al., 1984); Oryzomyini gen. et sp. indet. F (Turvey, 2009:53); Oryzomyini gen. et sp. indet. G (Turvey, 2009:53); Oryzomyini gen. et sp. indet. H (Turvey, 2009:53); Oryzomyini (Guadeloupe, La Desirade) (Turvey & Fritz, 2011:SI:8); Oryzomyini (Marie Galante) (Turvey & Fritz, 2011:SI:8)


The availability of the names Antillomys and Antillomys rayi were established by (Brace et al., 2023).


Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene



Antigua–Barbuda Bank (Antigua & Barbuda) & Guadeloupe Bank (Guadeloupe, La Désirade & Marie Galante), Lesser Antilles (Brace et al., 2015)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Brace, Selina et al. (2015). Unexpected evolutionary diversity in a recently extinct Caribbean mammal radiation. Proc Biol Sci. B 282(1807): 20142371.


Other references:

Brace, Selina et al. (2023). Establishing the availability of the mammalian genus name Antillomys and species name Antillomys rayi (Rodentia, Cricetidae). Therya 14(2): 293-298. doi:10.12933/therya-23-2281

Cooke, Siobhán B., Dávalos, Liliana M., Mychajliw, Alexis M. Turvey, Samuel T. and Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Anthropogenic Extinction Dominates Holocene Declines of West Indian Mammals. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 48: 301-327.

de Waal MS (1996) The Petite Riviere excavations, La Desirade, French West Indies: Fieldwork Report and Subsistence Studies for a Pre-Columbian Site with Late Saladoid and Post-Saladoid Components. MA thesis, University of Leiden.

Goedert, Jean et al. (2020). Isotopic ecology and extirpation chronology of the extinct Lesser Antillean native rodent Antillomys rayi Brace et al. (2015). Quaternary Science Reviews 245: 106509. [Abstract]

Haviser J (1997) Settlement strategies in the Early Ceramic Age. In Wilson SM, ed., The Indigenous People of the Caribbean, pp. 59–69. University of Florida Press, Gainesville.

Mistretta, Brittany A., Giovas, Christina M., Weskler, Marcelo and Turvey, Samuel T. (2021). Extinct insular oryzomyine rice rats (Rodentia: Sigmodontinae) from the Grenada Bank, southern Caribbean. Zootaxa 4951(3): 434-460.

Pregill GK, Steadman DW, and Watters DR (1994) Late Quaternary vertebrate faunas of the Lesser Antilles: historical components of C aribbean biogeography. Bulletin of Carnegie Museum of Natural History 30, 1–51.

David W. Steadman, Gregory K. Pregill, and Storrs L. Olson. (1984). Fossil vertebrates from Antigua, Lesser Antilles: Evidence for late Holocene human-caused extinctions in the West Indies. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. USA 81: 4448-4451.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Wing, Elizabeth S. (1995). Rice rats and Saladoid people as seen at Hope Estate, pp. 219-231. In: Alegría, R. E. and Rodríguez, M. (eds.). Proceedings of the XV International Congress for Caribbean archaeology. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Puerto Rico y Caribe, Fundación Puertoriqueña de las Humanidades y la Universidad del Turabo.


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