Lachnagrostis limitanea (J.M.Black) S.W.L.Jacobs (2001)

Spalding blown grass



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Agrostis limitanea (J.M.Black) S.W.L.Jacobs, 2001


Conservation Status

Last record: March 1931

Rediscovered in 1989


"The plant was first collected by Worsley Johnston from a rail reserve near Riverton in March 1931 (Black 1931), but the lack of further sightings or collections over the next 50 years led to the plant being listed as presumed extinct with uncertain taxonomic status (Briggs & leigh 1988). its rediscovery in a council reserve south-east of Spalding in 1989 by Robert Bates has led to a renewed interest in its conservation, ecology, and biology, culminating in the establishment of a recovery team in 1998. its taxonomic status as a distinct species has now been well established (Davies 1995; Jacobs 2001) and several additional populations have since been discovered."

(Adams et al., 2009:9)



Northern Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Australia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Black, J. M. (1931). Agrostis limitanea. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 55: 137.


Other references:

Adams, Mark, Jusaitis, Manfred and Clarke, Amber. (2009). Genetic relationships within and between populations of the endangered grass Lachnagrostis limitanea (Gramineae). New Zealand Journal of Botany 47: 9-19.

Bates, R. (unpublished). Lachnagrostis limitanea sites: R. Bates January 2008. Report to DEH, Clare.

Briggs, J. D. and Leigh, J. H. (1996). Rare and Threatened Australian Plants. CSIRO Centre for Plant Diversity Research.

Brown, A. J. (2008). New Lachnagrostis (Poaceae) taxa from South Australia and South-west Victoria. Muelleria 26(2): 21-44.

Davies, R. J-P. (1995). Threatened Plant Species in National Parks and Wildlife Act Reserves in South Australia. Botanic Gardens of Adelaide and State Herbarium. [pp. 119-121]

DEH - Department for Environment and Heritage (2005). Site Action Plans for the Tarlee, Yakkalo and Riverton Populations of Lachnagrostis limitanea (synonym Agrostis limitanea) Spalding Blown Grass. Department for Environment and Heritage, Clare, South Australia.

Hnatiuk, R.J. (1990). Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series 11: 1-650.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Jacobs, S. W. L. (2001). The genus Lachnagrostis (Gramineae) in Australia. Telopea 9(3): 439-448.

Jessop, J.P. and Toelken, H.R. (eds.). (1986). Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Alismataceae- Orchidaceae. 4th ed. Adelaide, S. Aust. S.A. Govt. Printing Div.

Jusaitis, M., Adams, M. and Clarke, A. (2007). Genetic relationships within and between populations of the endangered Lachnagrostis limitanea (Spalding Blown Grass). Unpublished.

Lofts, K. (2007). Seed Germination Responses to Salt and Moisture Stress of the Endangered Lachnagrostis limitanea (unpublished report). (University of South Australia).

Robertson, M. A. and Clarke, A. (2006). Draft Revised Recovery Plan for Lachnagrostis limitanea (synonym Agrostis limitanea) (Spalding Blown Grass) 2007-2012. Clare: South Australian Department for Environment and Heritage.

Robertson, M. A. and Clarke, A. (2012). Recovery Plan for Lachnagrostis limitanea (Spalding Blown Grass) 2012. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, South Australia.

Robertson, M. and Steed, Y. (2000). Recovery Plan for Agrostis limitanea (Spalding Blown Grass). National Parks and Wildlife, South Australia in partnership with Threatened Plant Action Group, Threatened Species Network, Adelaide.

Touchell, D. H., Richardson, M. and Dixon, K. W. (eds.). (1997). Germplasm Conservation Guidelines for Australia. Australian Network for Plant Conservation.


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