Hubbardia heptaneuron Bor (1950:385)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Hubbardia hepataneuron Bor (1951) [orth. error used by Khoshoo, 1996:509]


Conservation Status

Last (and only) record: early 1930's (Rao et al., 2003:xvii)

Rediscovered in 2002 (Rao et al., 2003:xvii)



Karnataka, India


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Bor, N. L. (1950). A new genus of Indian grasses. Kew Bulletin 5: 385-388.


Other references:

Chandore, A. N., Gosavi, K. V., Gund, C. S. M., Gurav, R. V. and Yadav, S. R. (2012). Hubbardia diandra, a new species of Poaceae from the northern Western Ghats with a note on tribe Hubbardiae. Kew Bulletin 67: 533-537.

Clayton, W. D., Harman, K. T. and Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Ganeshaiah, K. N. (2005). Recovery of endangered and threatened species: Developing a national priority list of plants and insects. Current Science 89(4): 599-600.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S. K., Nayar, M. P. and Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Khoshoo, T. N. (1996). India needs a National Biodiversity Conservation Board. Current Science 71(7): 506-513.

Marhold, K. (ed.). (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 14. Taxon 61: 1336-1345.

Naik, H. S. Y. and Krishnamurthy, Y. L. (2020). A taxonomic note on Hubbardia heptaneuron in Shivamogga District, Karnataka. Plantasia #17, In: Zoo’s Print 35(3): 18-20.

Nayar, M. P. and Sastry, A. R. K. (compilers). (1987, reprinted 2000). Red Data Book of Indian Plants. Volume 1. Calcutta: Botanical Survey of India. xiii + 367 pp, 16 pls, figs. [pp. 303]

Potdar, G.G., C.B. Salunkhe & S.R. Yadav (2003). Rediscovery of a long lost monotypic, endemic grass genus Hubbardia Bor of the Western Ghats, pp. 317-320. In: Janarthananm, M.K. & D. Narasimhan (eds.) Plant Diversity, Human Welfare and Conservation.

Ramaswamy, S.N., M.R. Radhakrishna & D.A. Govindappa (2001). Flora of Shivamogga District, Karnataka. Prasaranga, Manasagangothri, Mysore. 691-692.

Rao, C. Kameswara, Geetha, B. L. and Suresh, Geetha. (2003). Red List of Threatened Vascular Plant Species in India: Compiled from the 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. ENVIS Centre on Floral Diversity, Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. xxiv + 144 pp. [automatic download]

Salunkhe, C. B., Yadav, S. R. and Potdar, G. G. (2002). Rediscovery of Grass Hubbardia. Species, 38, pp.12.

Sivaraj, N., Venkateswaran, Kamala, Pandravada, S. R., Reddy, M. Thirupathi Reddy and Rajasekharan, P. E. (2020). Threatened Medicinal Plants of Eastern Ghats and Their ConservationThreatened Medicinal Plants of Eastern Ghats and Their Conservation, pp. 31-62. In: Rajasekharan, P. E. and Wani, Shabir Hussain (eds.). Conservation and Utilization of Threatened Medicinal Plants. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature Switzerland AG. xviii + 565 pp. [still listed as presumed extinct]

Walter, Kerry S. and Gillett, Harriet J. (eds.). (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN – The World Conservation Union. lxiv + 862 pp.

Yadav, S.R., A.N. Chandore, R.V. Nimbalkar & Gurav (2009). Reintroduction of Hubbardia heptaneuron Bor a critically endangered endemic grass in Western Ghats. Current Science 96: 880.


<< Back to the Poales database