Bromus bromoideus (Lej.) Crép. (1867:399)

The Brome of the Ardennes, Ardennes brome, Brome des Ardennes



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonyms: Calotheca bromoidea Lej. in Messager Sci. Art. Gand 2: 202 (1824); Michelaria bromoidea (Lej.) Dumort. in Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 77 (1824); Bromus secalinus var. bromoideus (Lej.) Lloret in Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 22: 151 (1993), nom. superfl.; Bromus arduennensis Dumort. in Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 77 (1824), nom. provis.; Libertia arduennensis Lej. in Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12: 755 (1825), nom. superfl.; Bromus auriculatus Raspail in Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 5: 439 (1825), nom. superfl.; Bromus grossus var. arduennensis Lej. & Courtois in Comp. Fl. Belg. 3: 345 (1831); Bromus arduennensis Dumort. ex Kunth in Enum. Pl. 1: 416 (1833), nom. superfl.; Bromus multiflorus var. arduennensis Rchb. in Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 11: 31 (1834); Serrafalcus arduennensis (Rchb.) Crép. in Man. Fl. Belgique: 211 (1859), nom. provis.; Michelaria arduennensis (Rchb.) Dumort. in Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 59 (1868), nom. superfl.; Bromus grossus f. arduennensis (Rchb.) Tournay in Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 38: 332 (1968); Libertia arundinacea Roth in Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(1): 344 (1827); Bromus triaristatus Loisel. in Fl. Gall., ed. 2, 1: 89 (1828); Bromus platystachys Desf. in Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3: 19, 387 (1829), nom. illeg.; Bromus multiflorus var. auriculatus Trevir. in Index Seminum (BONN, Bonnensi) 1833: 1 (1833); Bromus velutinus var. triaristatus (Loisel.) Mutel in Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 136 (1837)


Conservation Status

Extinct (Humphreys et al., 2019) or Extinct in the wild (Godefroid et al., 2020; Smith et al., 2023; POWO, 2024)

Last wild record: 1930

IUCN RedList status: Extinct in the Wild



Belgium, France & Luxembourg


Biology & Ecology










Bilz, M., Kell, S. P., Maxted, N. and Lansdown, R. V. (2011). European Red List of Vascular Plants. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Buord, S. and Lesouëf, J.Y. 2006. Consolidating knowledge on plant species in need for urgent attention at European level. Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle/European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity and Conservatoire Botanique National de Brest, Paris and Brest.

Christenhusz, M. and Govaerts, R. (2023). Uitgestorven. Op plantenjacht rond de wereld: 1-511. Sterck & De Vreese.

Clayton, W. D., Harman, K. T. and Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Dalrymple, S. E., Abeli, T., Ewen, J. G., Gilbert, T. C., Hogg, C. J., Lloyd, N. A., Moehrenschlager, A., Rodríguez, J. P. and Smith, D. (2023). Addressing Threats and Ecosystem Intactness to Enable Action for Extinct in the Wild Species. Diversity 15: 268.

Gigot, G. (2011). Bromus bromoideus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T165228A5993241. Accessed on 11 June 2022.

Godefroid, Sandrine et al. (2020). A framework to identify constraints to post-extinction recovery of plant species—Application to the case of Bromus bromoideus. Journal for Nature Conservation 54: 125802. [Abstract]

Hadinec, J. and Lustyk, P. (eds.). (2014). Additamenta ad floram Reipublicae Bohemicae. XII. Zprávy Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 49: 73-206.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Morgan, V. and Leon, C. (1992). Datasheets of flora species for revision of Appendix I of the Bern Convention. Volume II. Nature and Environment. Council of Europe, Strasbourg.

Olivier, L., Galland, J.-P., Maurin, H. and Roux, J.-P. 1995. Livre Rouge de la flore menacée de France. Tome I: espèces prioritaires. Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Service Patrimoine Naturel, Conservatoire Botanique National de Porquerolles, Ministère de l'Environnement, Paris.

POWO. (2024). Bromus bromoideus (Lej.) Crép. Plants of the World Online (online resource). Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom. Available at: [Accessed 4 February 2024]

Sharrock, Suzanne and Jones, Meirion. (2009). Conserving Europe’s threatened plants: Progress towards Target 8 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. Richmond, UK: Botanic Gardens Conservation International. [p. 23,36]

Smith, Donal et al. (2023). Extinct in the wild: The precarious state of Earth’s most threatened group of species. Science 379(6634): eadd2889.

Tutin, T. G. et al. (eds.). (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

Tutin, T. G. et al. (eds.). (1995). Flora Europaea electonic dataset


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