Anthosachne kingiana kingiana (Endl.) Govaerts (2014:23)

Phillip Island wheat grass, Philip Island wheatgrass



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Triticum kingianum Endl. in Prodr. Fl. Norfolk.: 21 (1833); Festuca kingiana (Endl.) Steud. in Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 316 (1854); Agropyron kingianum (Endl.) Petrie ex Laing in Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 47: 18 (1914 publ. 1915); Elymus kingianus (Endl.) Á.Löve in Feddes Repert. 95: 469 (1984); Elymus multiflorus var. kingianus (Endl.) Connor in Kew Bull. 45: 680 (1990), nom. superfl.; Elymus multiflorus subsp. kingianus (Endl.) de Lange & R.O.Gardner in New Zealand J. Bot. 43: 571 (2005), nom. superfl.; Anthosachne multiflora subsp. kingiana (Endl.) Barkworth & S.W.L.Jacobs in Telopea 13: 50 (2011), nom. superfl.; Triticum kirgianum Steud. in Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 716 (1841), orth. var.


Conservation Status

Rediscovered in 1987 (Sykes & Atkinson, 1988)



Lord Howe Island, Phillip Island & Norfolk Island, Australia


Biology & Ecology










Auld, T. D., Bower, S. and Hutton, Ian. (2011). Assessing the conservation status of the grass Elymus multiflorus subsp. kingianus on Lord Howe Island, NSW. Cunninghamia. 12(2):137-142.

Connor, H. E. (1990). Elymus (Gramineae) on Norfolk Island. Kew Bulletin 45: 680.

de Lange, P. J, Gardner, R. O., Sykes, W. R., Crowcroft, G. M., Cameron, E. K., Stalker, F., Christian, M. L. and Braggins, J. E. (2005). Vascular flora of Norfolk Island: some additions and taxonomic notes. New Zealand Journal of Botany. 43:563-596.

Department of the Environment. (2024). Anthosachne kingiana subsp. kingiana in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Tue, 16 Jan 2024 00:46:40 +1100.

Govaerts, R. H. A. (2014). New combinations for the Phillip Island wheat grass, Anthosachne kingiana subsp. kingiana (Poaceae). Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 27(3): 23-24.

Green, P. S. (1994). Norfolk Island & Lord Howe Island, pp. 1-26 [6,12,22]. In: Wilson, Annette J. G. (ed.). Flora of Australia Volume 49, Oceanic Islands 1. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. xxiii + 681 pp.

Mosley, J. G. (2001). Island on the Brink: A Conservation Strategy for Norfolk Island. Norfolk Island Conservation Society, Melbourne, Victoria.

Sykes, W. R. and Atkinson, I. A. E. (1988). Rare and endangered plants of Norfolk Island. (Botany Division, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Zealand: Christchurch).

Wilson, Annette J. G. (ed.). (1994). Flora of Australia Volume 49, Oceanic Islands 1. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. xxiii + 681 pp. [pp. 469-470]


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