Phoenicopterus copei Shufeldt, 1891



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



California, USA


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Shufeldt, R. W. (1891). Fossil birds from the Equus beds of Oregon. Am. Nat. 25: 818-821.


Other references:

Brodkorb, Pierce and Phillips, Allan R. (1973). Pleistocene birds from the Valley of Mexico. Auk 90(2): 438-440.

Emslie, Steven D. (1995). An early Irvingtonian avifauna from Leisey Shell Pit, Florida. Bull. Fla. Mus. Nat. Hist. 37(1): 299-344.

Howard, Hildegarde. (1955). Fossil birds from Manix Lake, California. U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 264-J: 199-205.

Jefferson, G. T. (1991). A catalogue of Late Quaternary vertebrates from California. Part one; nonmarine lower vertebrate and avian taxa. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Technical Reports 5: 1-60.

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2008). The Late Pleistocene Continental Avian extinction – an evaluation of the fossil evidence. Oryctos 7: 249-269.


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