Perameles eremiana Spencer, 1897:9

Desert bandicoot, walilya



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1931 (Flannery et al., 1990); 1943 (officially); between 1964 and 1969 (according to local aborigines)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


First collected in the Northern Territory in 1896 by F. J. Gillen and P. M. Byrne. Gordon (2008) has suggested that Perameles eremiana is synonymous with P. bougainville, disagreeing with Freeman's (1967) delineation of the two species. The pintupi people of central Australia claimed to have eaten them as recently as 1964/69 (Burbidge et al. 1988).



Northern Territory (southern), South Australia (northern) & Western Australia (southeastern), Australia












Original scientific description:

Spencer, Baldwin. (1897). Description of two new species of marsupials from Central Australia. Proc. R. Soc. Vict. (new series) 9: 5-11.


Other references:

Aitken, P. (1979). The status of endangered Australian wombats, bandicoots and the marsupial mole, pp. ?-?. In: Tyler, Michael J. (ed.). The Status of Endangered Australasian Wildlife. Adelaide: Royal Zoological Society of South Australia.

Anonymous. (1977). Terrestrial native mammals of Western Australia. S.W.A.N.S. 7(1): 7-8. [a mere listing as being native to WA]

Anonymous. (1980). Mammals of the Warburton region. S.W.A.N.S. 10(1): 22-23.

Burbidge, A. A and Fuller, P. J. (1979). Mammals of the Warburton region, Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 8(1): 57-73.

Burbidge, Andrew A. and Fuller, Phillip J. (1984). Finding out about Desert Mammals. S.W.A.N.S. 14(1): 9-13.

Andrew A. Burbidge; Ken A. Johnson; Phillip J. Fuller, and R. I. Southgate. (1988). Aboriginal Knowledge of the Mammals of the Central Deserts of Australia. Aust. Wildl. Res. 15: 9-39.

Burbidge, A., Johnson, K. & Aplin, K. (2008). Perameles eremiana. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. ( Downloaded on 22 September 2011.

Finlayson, Hedley Herbert. (1961). On central Australian mammals. Part IV. The distribution and status of central Australian species. Records of the South Australian Museum 14: 141-192.

Flannery, Timothy, Kendall, Paula and Wynn-Moylan, Karen. (1990). Australia's Vanishing Mammals: Endangered and Extinct Native Species. Sydney: Reader's Digest Press. 192 pp.

Freeman, L. (1967). Skull and tooth variations in the genus Perameles. Part I. Anatomical features. Rec. Aust. Mus. 27: 147-66.

Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E. (2013). Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica 145: 1-130. [0.500 kg min. mass estimate]

Glauert, Ludwig. (1933). The distribution of the marsupials in Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 19: 17-32.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Gordon, G. (1983). Desert Bandicoot Perameles eremiana. In: The Australian Museum complete Book of Australian Mammals. (Ed. R. Strahan.) pp. 102. Sydney, Australia: Angus and Robertson.

Gordon, G. (1995). Desert Bandicoot, Perameles eremiana, pp. 180-181. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia. Chatswood, N.S.W.: Reed Books. 756 pp.

Gordon, G. (2008). Desert Bandicoot, Perameles eremiana. In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (eds.). The mammals of Australia. Third Edition, pp. 185-186. Reed New Holland, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Gordon, G. and Hall, L. S. (1995). Tail fat storage in arid zone bandicoots. Australian Mammalogy 18: 87-90.

How, R. A., Cooper, N. K. and Bannister, J. L. (2001). Checklist of the mammals of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement No. 63: 91-98.

Iredale, Tom and Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1934). A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Mem. Aust. Mus. 6: i-xii, 1-122.

Johnson, C. (2006). Australia's mammal extinctions: a 50 000 year history. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Johnson, K.A., and Southgate, R.I. (1990). Present and former status of bandicoots in the Northern Territory. In Bandicoots and bilbies (eds J.H. Seebeck, P.R. Brown, R.L. Wallis and C.M. Kemper.) pp. 85-92. (Surrey Beatty & Sons, Sydney.)

Lyne, A. G. (1952). Notes on external characters of the pouch young of four species of bandicoots. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 122: 625-649.

O’Connor, S., Veth, P. and Campbell, C. (1998). Serpent’s Glen Rockshelter: report of the first Pleistocene-aged occupation sequence from the Western Desert. Australian Archaeology 46: 12-22.

Parker, Shane A. (1973). An annotated checklist of the native land mammals of the Northern Territory. Records of the South Australian Museum 16(11): 1-57.

Pavey, Chris. (2006). "Perameles eremiana" (PDF). Department of Natural Resources, Environment and the Arts, Northern Territory Government. Accessed 8 May, 2011. (available online:

Ride, W. D. L. (1970). A Guide to the Native Mammals of Australia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Tate, George Henry Hamilton. (1948). Results of the Archbold Expeditions. No. 60. Studies in the Peramelidae (Marsupialia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 92(6): 313-346, text figure 1, tables 1-10.

Thornback, Jane and Jenkins, Martin (compilers). (1982). The IUCN Mammal Red Data Book. Part 1: Threatened Mammalian Taxa of the Americas and the Australasian Zoogeographic Region (Excluding Cetacea). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 516 pp.

Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1941). Furred Animals of Australia. Sydney: Angus and Robertson Ltd.

Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1965). Furred Animals of Australia (8th edition). Sydney: Angus & Robertson.

Wilson, D. E. and Reeder, D. M. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third edition. Baltimore, Maryland: John Hopkins University Press.


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