Chaeropus ecaudatus ecaudatus Ogilby, 1838:26

Pig-footed bandicoot, Chestnut-eared chaeropus, Eastern chaeropus (as C. occidentalis) (see Krefft, 1866:12), landwang (Murray-Darling region) (Krefft, 1866:12), walputju, wilalya (Kukata language), kantjilpa, kunjilba/kuntjilpa (Pitjanjatjarra language), woda, boda, boodal 

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Chæropus ecaudatus Ogilby, 1838:26; Perameles ecaudatus Ogilby, 1838:25 or 26; Chaeropus ecaudatus Ogilby, 1838:26; Chaeropus castanotis Gray, 1842; Choeropus ecaudatus Ogilby, 1838:26 (orthographic error?; used by Glauert, 1933:24); Chaerpus ecaudatus Ogilby, 1838:26 (orth. error used by Grein, 1997)

 

Conservation Status

Last Record: 1901; 1907 (Flannery, 1990:48,50); c.1916?; 1926 ("by Pitjantjara men in the Musgrave Ranges" (Flannery, 1990:50)); c.1958 (according to local aborigines; Burbidge et al. 1988)

 

The last European record of the Pig-footed bandicoot is commonly quoted as being in 1926. However, Fischer (1988) and (Burbidge et al., 2008) state that this and other 1920's sightings are unconfirmed. Burbidge et. al. (1988) state that a specimen was collected from Alice Springs c. 1916 (later in the paper they state that it was donated to the National Museum of Victoria; the implication is that it was both collected and donated in 1916), and that local aborigines, when questioned, claimed that it was "still around" about 30 years prior to 1988 (i.e. c.1958). According to (Ride, 1970:102,200), John McKenzie collected a specimen in 1907 for Dr. E. C. Stirling.

 


IUCN status: Extinct

 

Distribution

New South Wales (southwest), Northern Territory (southern), South Australia (northern), Victoria and Western Australia (all historically), & Queensland (prehistorically), Australia

 

Biology

 

Hypodigm

Type locality: "Australia, New South Wales, banks of Murray River, south of the junction with Murrumbridge River".

 

Non-type specimens

BMNH 44.7.9.22

QML1312 (Hocknull, 2005b:77)

 

At least one specimen has unfortunately been destroyed (Fisher, 1984:206)

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Ogilby, William. (1838). On a new species of marsupial animal by Major Mitchell on the banks of the Murray river in New South Wales. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 6: 25-26[-27?].

 

Other references:

Abbott, Ian. (2001). Aboriginal names of mammals species in south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3(4): 433-486.

Abbott, Ian. (2008). Historical perspectives of the ecology of some conspicuous vertebrate species in south-west Western Australia. Conservation Science W. Aust. 6(3): 1-214.

Aitken, P. (1979). The status of endangered Australian wombats, bandicoots and the marsupial mole, pp. ?-?. In: Tyler, Michael J. (ed.). The Status of Endangered Australasian Wildlife. Adelaide: Royal Zoological Society of South Australia.

Aitken, P. F. (1983). Pig-footed Bandicoot Chaeropus ecaudatus, pp. 104-105. In: Strahan, R. (ed.). The Australian Museum complete Book of Australian Mammals. Sydney, N.S.W: Angus and Robertson.

Aitken, P. F. (1988). Pig-footed Bandicoot, in Strahan, R. (ed.) The Complete Book of Australian Mammals. 2nd edn. Sydney: Angus & Robertson.

Andrew A. Burbidge; Ken A. Johnson; Phillip J. Fuller, and R. I. Southgate. (1988). Aboriginal Knowledge of the Mammals of the Central Deserts of Australia. Aust. Wildl. Res.15: 9-39.

Anonymous. (1964). A preliminary list of rare mammals including those believed to be rare but concerning which detailed information is still lacking. IUCN Bulletin 11(Special Supplement): 4 pp.

Anonymous. (1973). Additional protection for rare fauna. S.W.A.N.S. 4(2): 31-33.

Anonymous. (1977). Terrestrial native mammals of Western Australia. S.W.A.N.S. 7(1): 7-8. [a mere listing as being native to WA]

Bamford, Mandy et al. (2009). Mammals of the Avon Region. Bentley, W.A.: Department of Environment and Conservation. 132 pp. [pp. 50-51]

Baynes, Alexander. (1984). Native mammal remains from Wilgie Mia Aboriginal Ochre Mine: evidence of the pre-European fauna of the western arid zone. Records of the Western Australian Museum 11(3): 297-310.

Baynes, A. (1987). The original mammal fauna of the Nullarbor and southern peripheral regions: evidence from skeletal remains in superficial cave deposits. Pp. 139-152, 401-402 in N.L. McKenzie, and A. C. Robinson, eds., A Biological Survey of the Nullarbor Region, South and Western Australia in 1984. South Australian Department of Environment and Planning, Adelaide.

Bennett, Andrew F., Lumsden, Linda F. and Menkhorst, Peter W. (2006). Mammals of the Mallee Region, Victoria: past, present and future. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 118(2): 259-280.

Bennett, G. (1837). Catalogue of the Specimens of Natural History and Miscellaneous Curiosities Deposited in the Australian Museum. Sydney: James Tegg and Co. 71 pp.

Burbidge, A. A and Fuller, P. J. (1979). Mammals of the Warburton region, Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 8(1): 57-73.

Burbidge, Andrew A., Fuller, P. J. and McKenzie, N. L. (1995). Vertebrate fauna. In: Keighery, G. J., McKenzie, N. L. and Hall, N. J. (eds.). The Biological Survey of the Eastern Goldfields of Western Australia. Part 12. Barlee–Menzies Study Area. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 49: 208-245.

Andrew A. Burbidge; Ken A. Johnson; Phillip J. Fuller, and R. I. Southgate. (1988). Aboriginal Knowledge of the Mammals of the Central Deserts of Australia. Aust. Wildl. Res. 15: 9-39.

Burbidge, A., Dickman, C. & Johnson, K. (2008). Chaeropus ecaudatus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 01 May 2012.

Calaby. J. H. (1954). Comments on Gilbert's notebook on marsupials. West. Aust. Nat. 4: 147-148.

Collins, L. R. (1973). Monotremes and marsupials. A reference for zoological institutions. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institute Press. v + 323 pp.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Dixon, Joan M. (1988). Notes on the diet of three mammals presumed to be extinct: the Pig-footed Bandicoot, the Lesser Bilby and the Desert Rat Kangaroo. Victorian Naturalist 105: 208-211.

Ellis, Murray and Henle, Klaus. (1988). The mammals of Kinchega National Park western New South Wales. Australian Zoologist 25(1): 1-5.

Finlayson, Hedley Herbert. (1961). On central Australian mammals. Part IV. The distribution and status of central Australian species. Records of the South Australian Museum 14: 141-192.

Fisher, Clem T. (1984). Australasian mammal specimens in the collections of Merseyside County Museums. Australian Mammology 7(4): 205-213.

Fisher, C. T. (1988). An unpublished drawing of the Pig-footed bandicoot by John Gould and H. C. Richter. Australian Zoologist 24(4): 205-209.

Flannery, Timothy. (1990). Australia's Vanishing Mammals: Endangered and Extinct Native Species. Sydney: RD Press. 192 pp.

Flower, W. H. (1870). An introduction to the osteology of the Mammalia. London: MacMillan.

Frith, H. J. (1973). Wildlife Conservation. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.

Glauert, Ludwig. (1933). The distribution of the marsupials in Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 19: 17-32.

Glauert. L. (1950). The development of our knowledge of the marsupials of Western Australia. J. R. Soc. West. Aust. 34: 115-134.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Gordon G, Hulbert AJ. 1989 Peramelidae. In Fauna of Australia (ed. DW Walton), pp. 603–624. Canberra, Australia: Australian Government Publishing Service.

Gould, John. (1863). Mammals of Australia. London, UK: Self published.

Gray, J. E. (1842). Description of two new species of Mammalia discovered in Australia by Captain George Grey, Governor of South Australia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 9: 39-42.

Gray, John Edward. (1843). List of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum. London, The Trustees.

Grein, Shaun B. (1997). Native Vegetation Handbook for the Shire of Boyup Brook. Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia, Perth.

Grzimek, B. 1990. Encyclopedia of mammals: Pig-footed bandicoot. New York: Mc-Graw Hill Publishing Company.

Henry-Hall, N.J. (1990). Nature conservation reserves in the Eastern Goldfields, Western Australia (southern two-thirds of CTRC System 11). Unpublished report submitted to the EPA Red Book Task Force. Environmental Protection Authority, Perth, Western Australia. [Appendix 13]

Hocknull, Scott A. (2005a). Late Pleistocene-Holocene occurrence of Chaeropus (Peramelidae) and Macrotis (Thylacomyidae) from Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 51(1): 38. [automatic download]

Hocknull, Scott A. (2005b). Ecological succession during the late Cainozoic of central eastern Queensland: extinction of adiverse rainforest community. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 51(1): 39-122. [automatic download]

Hocknull, S. A., J.-x. Zhou, Y. Feng, and G. E. Webb. (2007). Responses of Quaternary rainforest vertebrates to climate change in Australia. Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters 264: 317-331.

Hoser, Raymond T. (1991). Endangered Animals of Australia. Mosman, NSW: Pierson & Co. 240 pp. [pp. 194]

How, R. A., Cooper, N. K. and Bannister, J. L. (2001). Checklist of the mammals of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement No. 63: 91-98.

Iredale, Tom and Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1934). A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Mem. Aust. Mus. 6: i-xii, 1-122.

Jackson, S. and Groves, Colin. (2015). Taxonomy of Australian mammals. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

Johnson, C. (2006). Australia's mammal extinctions: a 50 000 year history. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Johnson, K. A. and Burbidge, A. A. (1995). Pig-footed Bandicoot, [i]Chaeropus ecaudatus[/i], pp. 170-171. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia. Chatswood, N.S.W.: Reed Books. 756 pp.

Johnson, K. A. and Burbidge, A. A. (2008). Pig-footed Bandicoot, Chaeropus ecaudatus. In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (eds), The mammals of Australia. Third Edition, pp. 172-173. Reed New Holland, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Jones, F. W. (1924). The Mammals of South Australia, Part 2. Adelaide: Government Printer. [pp. 168-171]

Joslin, Paul and Maryanka, Daphne. (1968). Endangered Mammals of the World: Report on Status and Action Treatment. IUCN Publications, New Series, Supplementary Paper No. 13: 34 pp.

Kitchener, D. J., Chapman, A., Muir, B. G. and Palmer, M. (1980). The conservation value for mammals of reserves in the western Australian wheatbelt. Biological Conservation 18(3): 179-207. [last specimen in WA Wheatbelt collected in 1843]

Krefft, Gerard. (1864). Catalogue of mammalia in the collection of the Australian Museum. Sydney.

Krefft, Gerard. (1866). On the vertebrated animals of the lower Murray and Darling, their habits, economy, and geographical distribution. Transactions of the Philosophical Society of New South Wales 1862-1865: 1-33. [as E. occidentalis]

Krefft, G. 1870. Letter to the Editor (re Choeropodus Ecaudatus). Australian Town and Country Journal II(42): 17, col. 1, 22 October.

Lundelius, E. L. and Turnbull, W. D. (1989). The mammalian fauna of Madura Cave, Western Australia. Part VII: Macropodidae: Sthenurinae, Macropodinae, with a review of the marsupial portion of the fauna. Fieldiana, Geology, new series 17:1-71.

Lyne, A. G. (1952). Notes on external characters of the pouch young of four species of bandicoots. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 122: 625-649. [pp. 643-647]

Lyne, A. G. (1964). Australian Bandicoots. Australian Natural History 14(9): 281-285.

Mahoney, J. A., and W. D. L. Ride. 1988c. Peramelidae. In Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 5. Mammalia, ed. D. W. Walton, pp. 36-42. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.

McNamara, F. J. (1955). Gilbert's note-book on marsupials. West. Aust. Nat. 4: 195-196.

Menkhorst, Peter W. (2009). Blandowski’s mammals: Clues to a lost world. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 121(1): 61-89.

Meredith, R. W., Westerman, M., Case, J. A. and Springer, M. S. (2008). A phylogeny and timescale for marsupial evolution based on sequences for five nuclear genes. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 15: 1-36.

Merrilees, D. (1968). Remains of pig-footed bandicoot in Nullarbor caves. Western Australian Naturalist 11(1): 19.

Mitchell, T. L. (1838). Three Expeditions into the Interior of Eastern Australia, with descriptions of the recently explored region of Australia Felix, and of the present colony of New South Wales. Vol. 1. London: T. & W. Boone, 343 pp.

Morse, Kate. (1993). Who can see the sea? Prehistoric Aboriginal occupation of the Cape Range peninsula. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 45: 227-242. ["[i]Chaeropus[/i] ?"]

Muirhead, J. and Godthelp, H. (1996). Fossil bandicoots of Chillagoe (northeastern Queensland) and the first known specimens of the Pig-footed bandicoot Chaeropus Ogilby, 1838 from Queensland. Australian Mammalogy 19(1): 73-76.

Ogilby, J. D. 1892. Catalogue of Australian Mammals, with Introductory Notes on General Mammalogy. Sydney: Trustees, Australian Museum. xvi + 142 pp.

Parker, Shane A. (1973). An annotated checklist of the native land mammals of the Northern Territory. Records of the South Australian Museum 16(11): 1-57.

Parnaby, Harry, Ingleby, Sandy and Divljan, Anja. (2017). Type specimens of non-fossil mammals in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 69(5): 277-420.

Philpott, C. M. and Smyth, D. R. (1967). A contribution to our knowledge of some rare mammals from inland Australia. Transactions of The Royal Society of South Australia 91: 115-134. [failed to find this species during 24 weeks of field work in "northern South Australia and adjoining areas"]

Prideaux, G.J., J. A. Long, L. K. Ayliffe, J. C. Hellstrom, B. Pillans, W. E. Boles, M. N. Hutchinson, R. G. Roberts, M. L. Cupper, L. J. Arnold, P. D. Devine, and N. M. Warburton. (2007). An arid-adapted middle Pleistocene vertebrate fauna from south-central Australia, Nature 445: 422-425.

Ride, W. D. L. (1970). A Guide to the Native Mammals of Australia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. [pp. 100-102]

Sanders, A. and Harold, G. (1991). An Inventory of Mammals, Amphibians and Reptiles in the Wheatbelt Region of Western Australia. Internal report of Department of Conservation and Land Management, Perth (unpubl.).

Scott, Peter (ed.). (1965). Preliminary List of Rare Mammals and Birds, pp. 155-237. In: The Launching of a New Ark. First Report of the President and Trustees of the World Wildlife Fund. An International Foundation for saving the world's wildlife and wild places 1961-1964. London: Collins.

Seebeck, John Hilary. (1995). Terrestrial mammals in Victoria–a history of discovery. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 107(1): 11-23.

Seebeck, S., Brown P.R., Wallis, R.L., & Kemper, C.M. 1990. Bandicoots and Bilbies. First Edition. Sydney: Surrey Beatty & Sons.

Sturt, Charles. (1849). Narrative of an expedition into Central Australia: Performed under the authority of Her Majesty’s Government during the years 1844, 5, and 6: Together with a Notice of the Province of South Australia in 1847. London: T & W Boone.

Szalay FS. 1994 The evolutionary history of marsupials and an analysis of osteological characters. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Tate, George Henry Hamilton. (1948). Results of the Archbold Expeditions. No. 60. Studies in the Peramelidae (Marsupialia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 92(6): 313-346, text figure 1, tables 1-10.

The West Australian, 21 February, 1914 [footprints from Lake Cave, near Mammoth Cave]

Thomas, O. (1888). Catalogue of the Marsupialia and Monotremata in the collection of the British Museum (Natural History). London: British Museum (Natural History). xiii + 401 pp.

Thornback, Jane and Jenkins, Martin (compilers). (1982). The IUCN Mammal Red Data Book. Part 1: Threatened Mammalian Taxa of the Americas and the Australasian Zoogeographic Region (Excluding Cetacea). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 516 pp.

Travouillon, Kenny J. (2016). Oldest fossil remains of the enigmatic pig-footed bandicoot show rapid herbivorous evolution. Royal Society Open Science 3: 160089.

Travouillon, Kenny J. et al. (2019). Hidden in plain sight: reassessment of the pig-footed bandicoot, Chaeropus ecaudatus (Peramelemorphia, Chaeropodidae), with a description of a new species from central australia, and use of the fossil record to trace its past distribution. Zootaxa 4566(1): 1-69. [Abstract]

Travouillon, Kenny J. et al. (2020). Neotype designation for the Australian Pig-footed Bandicoot Chaeropus ecaudatus Ogilby, 1838. Records of the Australian Museum 72(3): 77-80.

Troughton, E. L. G. 1932. A revision of the rabbit-bandicoots. Australian Zoologist 7(3): 219-235.

Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1941). Furred Animals of Australia. Sydney: Angus and Robertson Ltd.

Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1950). Bandicoots: rare and otherwise. Part 2. The Australian Museum Magazine 10(4): 113-117.

Wagstaffe, R. and Rutherford, G. (1955). Letters from Knowsley Hall, Lancashire. Ill. John Gilbert. N. West. Nat. 26: 169-172.

Wakefield, N. A. (1966a). Mammals of the Blandowski expedition to north-western Victoria. 1856-57. Proc. R. Soc. Vict. 79: 371-391.

Wakefield, N. A. (1966b). Mammals recorded for the mallee, Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 79(2): 627-636.

Waterhouse, George Robert. (1841). Marsupialia, or Pouched Animals (Mammalia, vol. XI). In: Jardine, William (ser. ed.). The Naturalist's Library (vol. XXIV). Edinburgh: W.H. Lizars / London: Henry G. Bohn. xvi + 324 pp.

Westerman M, Kear BP, Aplin K, Meredith RW, Emerling C,, Springer MS. (2012). Phylogenetic relationships of living and recently extinct bandicoots based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences. Mol. Phyl. Evol. 62: 97-108.

Westerman, Michael, Springer, Mark S., Dixon, Joan and Krajewski, Carey. (1999). Molecular relationships of the extinct pig-footed bandicoot Chaeropus ecaudatus (Marsupialia: Perameloidea) using 12S rRNA sequences. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 6(3): 271-288. [Abstract]

Westerman, M., M. S. Springer, and C. Karjewski. 2001. Molecular relationships of the New Guinean bandicoot genera Microperoryctes and Echymipera (Marsupialia: Peramelina). Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 8:93-105.

Wendy Wright; Gordon D. Sanson, and C. McArthur. (1991). The Diet of the Extinct Bandicoot Chaeropus ecaudatus (pp. 229-245). In: Vickers-Rich, P., J. M. Monaghan, R. F. Baird, and T. H. Rich. (eds). Vertebrate palaeontology of Australasia. Melbourne: Pioneer Design Studio and Monash University.

Whittell. H. M. (1954). John Gilbert's notebook on marsupials. West. Aust. Nat. 4: 104-114.

Wood Jones, F. (1923-25). The Mammals of South Australia. Adelaide: The Government Printer.

https://cites.org/sites/default/files/common/com/ac/26/E26-20i.pdf

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/6289/chaeropus-ecaudatus-pig-footed-bandicoot

 

<< Back to the Peramelemorphs database