Nycticorax caledonicus crassirostris Vigors, 1839:27

Bonin night heron, Bonin night-heron



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1879 (Day, 1981); 1889 (Fuller, 1988; Hume & Walters, 2012:72)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Peel Island (=Chichi Jima) and Nakondo Shima (=Nakōdo-jima), Ogasawara Islands (=Bonin Islands), Japan


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Vigors, N. A. (1839). The zoology of Captain Beechey's voyage to the Pacific and Behring's Straits, performed in H.M.S. Blossom under the command of Captain F. W. Beechey in the years 1825-28: Ornithology. London: Henry G. Bohn.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Nycticorax caledonicus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 25 August 2013.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Kittlitz, F. H. v. (1832-33). Kupfertafeln zur Naturgeschicte der Vögel. Frankfurt am Main: Johan David Sauerländer.

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292.

Martínez-Vilalta, A. and Motis, A. (1992). Family Ardeidae (Herons). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Volume 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.

Matthews, Thomas J. et al. (2022). Threatened and extinct island endemic birds of the world: Distribution, threats and functional diversity. Journal of Biogeography.

Seebohm, H. (1890). On the birds of the Bonin Islands. Ibis S6(2): 95-108.

Walden, A. V. (1877 [1875]). A list of the birds known to inhabit the Philippine Archipelago. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 9: 125-252.


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