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Ixobrychus novaezelandiae Purdie, 1871

New Zealand (little) bittern, Black-backed bittern

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Ixobrychus novaezelandiae Potts, 1871 [incorrect author]; Ixobrychus minutus novaezelandiae Potts, 1871 [incorrect author]

 

According to (Payne, 1979) Ixobrychus novaezelandiae is a senior synonym of I. minutus dubius.

 

Conservation Status

Extinct

Last record: 1890's (Tennyson & Martinson, 2006)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct

 

Distribution

North Island (prehistoric) & South Island (historical), New Zealand

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

Holotype: MNZ OR.000644 (collected pre-1871)

Type locality: Lake Wakatipu

 

Media

 

The holotype (four photos):

Above: New Zealand Little Bittern, Ixobrychus novaezelandiae, collected Head of Lake Wakatipu, New Zealand. Purchased 1907. CC BY 4.0. Te Papa (OR.000644)

 

Above: New Zealand Little Bittern, Ixobrychus novaezelandiae, collected Head of Lake Wakatipu, New Zealand. Purchased 1907. CC BY 4.0. Te Papa (OR.000644)

 

Above: New Zealand Little Bittern, Ixobrychus novaezelandiae, collected Head of Lake Wakatipu, New Zealand. Purchased 1907. CC BY 4.0. Te Papa (OR.000644)

 

Above: New Zealand Little Bittern, Ixobrychus novaezelandiae, collected Head of Lake Wakatipu, New Zealand. Purchased 1907. CC BY 4.0. Te Papa (OR.000644)

 

 

Paintings

Above: New Zealand Little Bittern / Kaoriki. Ixobrychus novaezelandiae. From the series: Extinct Birds of New Zealand., 2003, Masterton, by Paul Martinson. Purchased 2006. © Te Papa. CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Te Papa (2006-0010-1/26)

 

References

Original scientific description:

Purdie, A. C. (1871). On a (supposed) new species of Bittern from the Lake District. Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 3: 99-100.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Ixobrychus novaezelandiae. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. (http://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 25 August 2013.

BirdLife International. 2016. Ixobrychus novaezelandiae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22697307A93607264. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22697307A93607264.en. Accessed on 19 June 2022.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Holdaway, Richard N. (1999). Introduced predators and avifaunal extinction in New Zealand. In: MacPhee, R.D.E. (ed.), Extinctions in near time: causes, contexts and consequences, pp. 189-238. Plenum Press, New York.

Holdaway, Richard N. and Worthy, Trevor H. (1997). A reappraisal of the late Quaternary fossil vertebrates of Pyramid Valley Swamp, North Canterbury, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 24: 69-121.

Holdaway, Richard N., Worthy, Trevor H. and Tennyson, Alan J. D. (2001). A working list of breeding bird species of the New Zealand region at first human contact. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 28: 119-187.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Horn, P. L. (1980). Probable occurrence of the black bittern, Dupetor flavicollis (Linnaeus), in New Zealand. Notornis 27: 401-403.

Horn, P. L. (1983). Subfossil avian remains from Poukawa, Hawke's Bay, and the first record of Oxyura australis (Blue-billed duck) from New Zealand. Journal of the Roval Society of New Zealand 13(1/2): 67-78.

Millener, P. R. (1996). Extinct birds, pp. 113-120 In: Anonymous (ed.) The Chatham Islands: heritage and conservation. Christchurch, Canterbury University Press and New Zealand Department of Conservation. 136 pp.

Payne, R. B. (1979). Family Ardeidae, pp. 193-244. In: Mayr, Ernst and Cotterell, G. W. (eds.). Check-list of birds of the world. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Boston.

Potts, T. H. (1871). On the Birds of New Zealand (Part II). Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 3: 59-109.

Robertson, H. A., Baird, K. A., Elliott, G. P., Hitchmough, R. A., McArthur, N. J., Makan, T. D., Miskelly, Colin M., O’Donnell, C. F. J., Sagar, P. M., Scofield, R. P., Taylor, G. A. and Michel, P. (2021). Conservation status of birds in Aotearoa New Zealand, 2021. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 36. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 43 pp.

Hugh Robertson, John Dowding, Graeme Elliott, Rod Hitchmough, Colin Miskelly, Colin O’Donnell, Ralph Powlesland, Paul Sagar, Paul Scofield, Graeme Taylor. (2013). Conservation status of New Zealand birds, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 4. 22 pp.

Tennyson, Alan J. D. and Martinson, P. (2006). Extinct Birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press, Wellington.

Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

 

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