Siphonorhis americana Linnaeus, 1758

Jamaican pauraque, Jamaican pauraqué, Jamaican poorwill



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Siphonorhis americanus Linnaeus, 1758


Conservation Status

Missing or extinct

Last record: 1860

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)





Biology & Ecology




UP 68055 (Right tarsometatarsi)






Original scientific description:

Linnaeus, Carolus. (1758). Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis. Stockholm, Sweden.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012a). Species factsheet: Siphonorhis americana. Downloaded from on 19/08/2012.

BirdLife International. (2012b). Siphonorhis americana. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 19 August 2012.

BirdLife International. 2020. Siphonorhis americana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T22689738A178420953. Accessed on 06 July 2022.

Butchart, Stuart H. M., Stattersfield, A. J. and Brooks, T. M. (2006). Going or gone: defining ‘Possibly Extinct’ species to give a truer picture of recent extinctions. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 126A: 7-24.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

Gosse, P. H. (1847). The birds ofJamaica. London, John van Voorst. 447 pp.

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292. [p. 172]

Mittermeier, John C. et al. (2022). Fantastic lost birds and how you can help find them: an updated gap analysis for the Neotropical avifauna. Neotropical Birding 31: 25-32.

Olson, Storrs L. and Steadman, David W. (1977). A new genus of flightless ibis (Threskiornithidae) and other fossil birds from cave deposits in Jamaica. [i]Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington[/i] [b]90(2)[/b]: 447-457.

Tobias, Joseph A., Butchart, Stuart H. M. and Collar, Nigel J. (2006). Lost and found: a gap analysis for the Neotropical avifauna. Neotropical Birding [2006]: 4-22.


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