Setopagis maculosa (Todd, 1920:74)

Cayenne nightjar



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Caprimulgus maculosus (Todd, 1920:74); Antrostomus maculosus (Todd, 1920:74); Nyctipolus maculosus Todd, 1920: 74 (original combination)


Placed in the genus Setopagis following (del Hoyo et al. 2014).


Conservation Status


Last record: 1917

IUCN RedList status: Data Deficient


There have recently been unconfirmed reports of this species (i.e. 1982, 1999), however these have not been widely accepted and probably refer to other sympatric species such as the Blackish nightjar C. nigrescens. The reason/s for its disappearance aren't known, although vagrancy may explain why only the holotype is known for certain. Surveys in other areas of suitable habitat may reveal further records of the species.



French Guiana


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Todd, W. E. C. (1920). Description of apparently new South American birds. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 33: 71-76.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2014a). Setopagis maculosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. ( Downloaded on 09 August 2014.

BirdLife International. (2014b) Species factsheet: Setopagis maculosa. Downloaded from on 09/08/2014.

Cleere, N. (1999). Family Caprimulgidae (nightjars), pp. 302-386. In: Hoyo J. del., Eliott, A., & Sargatal, J. (eds). Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 5. Barn-owls to hummingbirds. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.

Cleere, N. and Ingels, J. (2004). Notes on the Cayenne Nightjar Caprimulgus maculosus. Alauda 72: 281-284.

Costa, Thiago V. V. et al. (2015). A new look at the holotype and type locality of Setopagis maculosa (Todd, 1920) (Aves: Caprimulgidae), with remarks on its systematic relationships. Zootaxa 3999(4): 581-588. [Abstract]

del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. (2014). HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International.

Hume Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp.

Ingels, J. and Pelletier, V. (2001). Cayenne Nightjar Caprimulgus maculosus rediscovered? Cotinga 16: 46-47.

Mittermeier, John C. et al. (2022). Fantastic lost birds and how you can help find them: an updated gap analysis for the Neotropical avifauna. Neotropical Birding 31: 25-32.

Tobias, Joseph A., Butchart, Stuart H. M. and Collar, Nigel J. (2006). Lost and found: a gap analysis for the Neotropical avifauna. Neotropical Birding [2006]: 4-22.


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