Antrostomus noctitherus (Wetmore, 1919)

Puerto Rican Nightjar, Puerto Rican Whip-poor-will



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Caprimulgus noctitherus (Wetmore, 1919)


Conservation Status

Last record: 1911

Rediscovered in 1961

IUCN RedList status: Endangered



Puerto Rico


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Wetmore, Alexander. (1919). Description of a whip-poor-will from Porto Rico. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 32: 235-237.

Other references:

BirdLife International. 2016. Antrostomus noctitherus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22689809A93248623. Downloaded on 13 February 2017.

Cleere, N., and Nurney, D. 1998. Nightjars: a guide to nightjars and related nightbirds. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, U.K.

Collar, N. J.; Gonzaga, L. P.; Krabbe, N.; Madroño Nieto, A.; Naranjo, L. G.; Parker, T. A.; Wege, D. C. 1992. Threatened birds of the Americas: the ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

González, R. G. 2010. Population estimation and landscape ecology of the Puerto Rican Nightjar. Master's Thesis. Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Mississippi State University.

Noble, R. E.; Vilella, F. J.; Zwank, P. J. 1986. Status of the endangered Puerto Rican Nightjar in 1985. Caribbean Journal of Science 22: 137-143.

Vilella, F. J. 1995. Reproductive ecology and behaviour of the Puerto Rican Nightjar Caprimulgus noctitherus. Bird Conservation International 5: 349-366.

Vilella, F. J. 2008. Nest habitat use of the Puerto Rican Nightjar (Caprimulgus noctitherus) in Guánica Biosphere Reserve. Bird Conservation International 18(4): 307-317.

Vilella, F. J., and R. González. 2009. Geographic distribution of the Puerto Rican Nightjar: a patch occupancy approach. Final report, Cooperative Agreement 011406-001. . USGS Cooperative Research Unit, Mississippi State University., Mississippi State, Mississippi.

Vilella, F. J.; Zwank, P. J. 1993. Ecology of the small indian mongoose in a coastal dry forest of Puerto Rico where sympatric with the Puerto Rican Nightjar. Caribbean Journal of Science 29((1-2)): 24-29.

Vilella, F. J.; Zwank, P. J. 1993. Geographic distribution and abundance of the Puerto Rican Nightjar. Journal of Field Ornithology 64: 223-238.

Wetmore, Alexander. 1962. "Nomenclature and commentary. George B. Reynard The rediscovery of the Puerto Rican whip-poor-will" in The Living Bird, First Ann., Cornell Lab. Ornith.. , . ( ).. ( ):54-55, figs. 1-3.


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