Prosadenoporus agricola (Willemoes-Suhm, 1874)

Bermuda Islands mangrove ribbon worm



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Tetrastemma agricola Willemoes-Suhm, 1874; Geonemertes agricola (Willemoes-Suhm, 1874); Neonemertes agricola (Willemoes-Suhm, 1874); Pantinonemertes agricola (Willemoes-Suhm, 1874)


Conservation Status

Missing (Moore et al., 2001; Gerlach, 2014)

Last record: 1966

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)





Biology & Ecology




"Types were never designated. Original material almost certainly lost."

"Series of sections of one mature and one juvenile specimen are held at the University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge, UK (coll. Boden, B. 1951, Bermuda)."

(both Maslakova & Norenburg, 2008)






Original scientific description:

Willemoes-Suhm, R. (1874). On a land-nemertean found in the Bermudas. Ann Mag Nat Hist. Ser. 4. 13: 409-411.


Other references:

Coe, W. R. (1904). The anatomy and development of the terrestrial nemertean Geonemertes agricola of Bermuda. Proc Bost Soc Nat Hist. 31: 531-570.

Crozier, W. J. (1917). Note on the habitat of Geonemertes agricola. Am Nat. 51: 758-760.

Gerlach, Justin. (2014). Prosadenoporus agricola. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. . Downloaded on 29 January 2015.

Gerlach, J. 2014. Prosadenoporus agricola. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T15968A21426618. Accessed on 06 July 2022.

Maslakova, Svetlana A. and Norenburg, Jon L. (2008). Revision of the smiling worms, genera Prosadenoporus Buumlrger, 1890 and Pantinonemertes Moore and Gibson, 1981 and description of a new species Prosadenoporus floridensis sp. nov. (Prosorhochmidae; Hoplonemertea; Nemertea) from Florida and Belize. Journal of Natural History 42: 25-26.

Moore, J., Gibson, R. and Jones, H. D. (2001). Terrestrial nemerteans thirty years on. Hydrobiological 456: 1-6.

Sterrer, W. (1998). How many species are there in Bermuda? Bulletin of Marine Science 62(23): 809-840.


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